Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature and expression of
It asks the question “what is beauty?”
In the visual arts, an artwork is described based upon its visual elements as well as its
content (the subject matter).
Color: Warm colors (red, yellow, orange), Cool colors (blue, green), Neutral colors
(black, white, gray), Pastel colors (pink, baby blue, pale yellow), Earth colors (brown,
tan, beige), Rich colors, etc.
Line: Straight, curved, shaded, broken, soft, heavy, etc.
Shape, which is two dimensional with no form or thickness, can be divided into
geometric (circle, square, triangle) and organic (like a natural form)
Volume or form means that the objects depicted appear three dimensional because of the
use of shading and lighting techniques.
A sphere, cube, and pyramid are all examples of
Value is the degree of light and dark in an artwork.
It is the contrast between black and
white and all the tones in between.
Value can also be used with colors.