chapter 1 - student version fall 2011

chapter 1 - student version fall 2011 - Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1 – Introduction to anatomy and physiology A new language
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Anatomical Position § Body erect § feet slightly apart § palms facing forward § thumbs point away from body
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The new language – anatomical position § The anatomical position is extremely important in studying anatomy since it is universal . § This allows professionals to easily communicate with each other, even if they are from different countries or backgrounds § Regardless of the patient body position – you ALWAYS refer to anatomical position
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Other concepts you need to know if you want to speak the language (you’ll do most of it in the lab) § Body planes § Dorsal and ventral cavities § Abdominopelvic quadrants and 9 regions § Organ systems § Membranes
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Overview of Anatomy and Physiology § Anatomy the study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another § Gross or macroscopic large visible body structures (heart, lungs, kidney etc.) § Different ways to approach gross anatomy: § Regional – study of all the structure in a particular region of the body (leg, abdomen etc.) § Systemic – study a particular system at a time. § Microscopic – deals with structures that are too small to be seen with the naked eye § Cytology – relates to the cells § Histology – study of the tissues § Physiology – the study of the function of the body
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Specialized Branches of Anatomy § Pathological anatomy study of structural changes caused by disease § Radiographic anatomy study of internal structures visualized by specialized scanning procedures such as X-ray, MRI, and CT scans § Molecular biology study of anatomical structures at a subcellular level
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chapter 1 - student version fall 2011 - Chapter 1...

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