2412011SprOutlC6Student - Chapter 6 Bones & Skeletal...

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Chapter 6 Bones & Skeletal Tissues Chapter 6: Bones and Skeletal Tissues Objectives 1. Name the major regions of the skeleton and describe their relative functions. 2. List and describe five important functions of bones. 3. Indicate the functional importance of bone markings. 4. Describe the gross anatomy of a typical long bone and flat bone. Indicate the locations and functions of red and yellow marrow, articular cartilage, periosteum, and endosteum. 5. Describe the histology of compact and spongy bone. 6. Discuss the chemical composition of bone and the advantages conferred by the organic and inorganic components. 7. Compare and contrast intramembranous ossification and endochondral ossification. 8. Describe the role of hormones and nutrients in the regulation of bone growth and maintenance. 9. Compare the locations and remodeling functions of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts. 10. Explain how hormones and physical stress regulate bone remodeling. 11. Contrast the disorders of bone remodeling seen in osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and Paget’s disease. 12. Describe the common types of fractures. Chapter 7: The Skeleton Objectives [Use Your Bone Handout; there will be no outline for this chapter] 1. Name the major parts of the axial and appendicular skeletons and describe their relative functions. 2. Name, describe, and identify the skull bones. Identify their important markings. 3. Compare and contrast the major functions of the cranium and the facial skeleton. 4. Define the bony boundaries of the orbits, nasal cavity, and paranasal sinuses. 5. Describe the structure of the vertebral column, list its components, and describe its curvatures. 6. Indicate a common function of the spinal curvatures and the intervertebral discs. 7. Discuss the structure of a typical vertebra and describe the regional features of cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae. 8. Name and describe the bones of the thoracic cage (bony thorax). 9. Differentiate true from false ribs. 10. Identify bones forming the pectoral girdle and relate their structure and arrangement to the function of this girdle. 11. Identify important bone markings on the pectoral girdle. 12. Identify or name the bones of the upper limb and their important markings.
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2012 for the course BIO 242 taught by Professor Jimellinger during the Spring '12 term at Bellevue College.

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2412011SprOutlC6Student - Chapter 6 Bones & Skeletal...

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