2422011FallOutlC21PartI

2422011FallOutlC21PartI - 21: The Immune System: Innate and...

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21: The Immune System: Innate and Adaptive   Body Defenses Objectives   1.  Define pathogen. 2. Describe surface membrane  barriers and  their protective functions. the significance of toll-like receptors.   4.  Describe the events of phagocytosis. 5. List the events of the inflammatory  response, and  explain their significance and  be able to identify several   inflammatory  chemicals and  indicate their specific roles. 6. Name  the body’s antimicrobial substances and  describe their function. 7. Explain how  fever is initiated  and  why  within  limits, a fever can be beneficial.   8.  List the four general properties of immunity. 9. Define antigen  and  describe the two groups  of antigens. 10. Compare  and  contrast  complete antigens  and  haptens  and  explain the role of haptens  in allergic reactions. 11.  Describe the function  of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules in immunity  and  distinguish   between  class I MHC molecules and  class II MHC molecules. 12. Compare  and  contrast  the origin, maturation  process, and  general function  of B and  T lymphocytes. 13. Define immunocompetence  and  self-tolerance, and  describe their development  in B and  T lymphocytes. 14. Name  several antigen-presenting  cells and  describe their roles in adaptive defenses. 15. Describe the process of clonal selection of a B cell. 16. Recount  the roles of plasma  cells and  memory  cells in humoral  immunity. 17. Compare  and  contrast  active and  passive humoral  immunity. 18. Diagram  the structure  of an antibody,  describe the mechanisms  of action of antibodies, and  name  the five classes   of antibodies and  their biological roles and  locations in the body. 19. Distinguish  between  the processing  of endogenous  and  exogenous  antigens. 20. Define cell-mediated  immunity  and  describe the process of activation  and  clonal selection of T cells. 21. Describe the types and  functions  of T cells. 22.  As indicated  in class, be able to list selected  cytokines and  their function  in the immune  response. 23.  Explain how  innate, antibody-mediated  and  cell-mediated  immunity  can function  together  to eliminate an   antigen. 24. Indicate the tests ordered  before an organ  transplant  is done, and  methods  used  to prevent  transplant  rejection. 25. Give examples of immune  deficiency diseases and  of hypersensitivity states.
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2012 for the course BIO 242 taught by Professor Jimellinger during the Spring '12 term at Bellevue College.

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2422011FallOutlC21PartI - 21: The Immune System: Innate and...

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