OnlineOcean-ScientificMethod - Scientific Method Assignment...

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Scientific Method Assignment – ONLINE Ocean 101 The process of “doing science” takes both logic and creativity. That statement surprises many non-scientists. While objectivity is certainly important to the scientific process (being able to distance yourself enough to get accurate information), so is ingenuity. Many people picture scientists as rigidly logical, one-dimensional beings who spout lots of jargon (okay, we don’t help our own image sometimes!). In reality, though, like in business and other fields, being able to “think outside the box” is crucial in science. It’s how progress occurs. Consider the scientific method as you read your textbook. All of the information in your book has been obtained by scientists following the scientific method, in a dynamic, creative process that builds on past knowledge while exploring new terrain . Science is a systematic process in which observation of the natural world leads to questions, and possible answers to such questions are proposed and tested. This process of questioning and investigation is known as the scientific method . Steps in the scientific method include: Observe . The process begins with the observation of some phenomenon in the natural world. Observations must be occurrences that we can see, feel, hear, touch, smell, or measure using scientific tools (like telescopes or microscopes). Anything that cannot be directly observed in this way is outside of the realm of science. Formulate a question . This is the step that logically follows an observation that cannot be readily explained. It usually takes the form, “I wonder if….?”, or “Could it be because….?” Research the known facts . Often, it is not necessary to start at square one when investigating a problem. Some questions that result from observations will have been investigated many times before, and you can use that information to answer your question, or help focus your next step in this process. State a hypothesis . A hypothesis is a tentative, testable statement relevant to answering the question you have asked about the phenomenon you observed. The key part of this definition is testable. If a hypothesis cannot be tested, it is not scientifically useful, no matter how interesting it might seem.
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This note was uploaded on 01/09/2012 for the course OCEA 101 taught by Professor Gwynethjones during the Winter '12 term at Bellevue College.

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OnlineOcean-ScientificMethod - Scientific Method Assignment...

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