constitution

constitution - 8/25/11 The Constitution Chapter 2 Current...

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8/25/11 1 The Constitution Chapter 2 Current Events ± This guy. Current Events – Presidential Primary ± Pataki or Palin to enter the race? Current Events – Vacation Edition ± The President is on vacation.
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8/25/11 2 Key Figures - Washington ± A good general? ± But indisputably, a great leader. Key Figures - Franklin ± A great statesman. ± A scientist. ± Respected the world over. Key Figures - Jefferson ± Not a great leader. Waffled. ± A great writer: Declaration of Independence. ± Waffled on slavery. Key Figures - Hamilton ± An overpowering intellect. ± Policy innovator. ± Vehemently anti- slavery. ± Rash.
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8/25/11 3 Key Figures - Madison ± A great writer and theorist. ± Not so good at politics. ± Lousy president. Key Figures - Adams ± Another good policy guy. ± Hard worker. ± Kind of a lousy politician. Some founder chit-chat A little background ± 1764 Sugar Act: increased duties on non-British goods shipped to the colonies. Currency Act: prohibited American colonies from issuing their own currency. ± 1765 Quartering Act: required Americans to house and feed British troops. Stamp Act: taxed all printed materials.
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8/25/11 4 Background ± The stamp act was strongly resisted. Americans intimidated tax collectors and passed resolutions condemning the act. ± 1766 Stamp Act repealed Declaratory Act: Parliament may make laws binding the American colonies. Background ± 1767 Townshend Acts: taxes on glass, lead, paper, paint, and tea. ± 1770 Boston Massacre: soldiers enforcing the Townshend Acts fire on civilians, killing 5 Americans. ± 1773 Tea Act Boston Tea Party Background ± 1775 War breaks out. ± 1776 Declaration of Independence adopted. ± 1777 Articles of Confederation adopted. ± 1781 British surrender. ± 1787-1789 Constitution written and ratified. Why did America rebel first? ± Britain had other colonies. What made America unique? Geographic location Legacy of self governance
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8/25/11 5 The Articles of Confederation ± America’s First Constitution. America’s constitution during the Revolutionary War. A confederation : highly decentralized, national government derives its power from the states. States elect officials and can override federal government. States received one vote. Nine required for majority. No executive, no judiciary. Amendments and taxation had to be unanimous. The Articles of Confederation ± Article II: “Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States. ± Article III: “The said States hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other.” The Articles of Confederation ± “The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several States within the time agreed upon by the United States in Congress assembled. ± Article XI: “Canada acceding to this
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course MIST 3000 taught by Professor Kim during the Fall '11 term at UGA.

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constitution - 8/25/11 The Constitution Chapter 2 Current...

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