Presidency - 9/25/11 Current Events The straw polls just...

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9/25/11 1 The Presidency Chapter 7 Current Events } The straw polls just keep on coming. } In Florida, a shocking upset for Herman Cain! } Poor showing for Perry, Romney officially didn’t participate. } In Michigan, Romney cruises to a win of 51%. Presidency Overview } The framers wanted the President to be able to quickly respond to crises, and to coordinate the branches of government. } At the same time, checks were placed on the President’s power, so he would not take advantage of a crisis to permanently increase his power. The Presidency in the Constitution } The President’s duties are found in Article II. } Commander in Chief } Chief Diplomat/Head of State } Chief of the Executive Branch } Chief Legislator } Constitutional powers are ambiguous and limited, but we consider the President to be quite powerful. } Most of what the President does is based on authority derived not from the Constitution but rather from public laws passed by Congress that delegate power to the executive branch.
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2 The President as Commander in Chief } The President is Commander in Chief of the nation’s armed forces. } Founders worried about giving one person control over the military, so this power is checked by Congress: only Congress can declare war. The President as Commander in Chief } In practice, Congress has very little power. } The President has a first-mover advantage. } Congress passed the War Powers act of 1973 to check the President but: } It gives the President the power to commit troops for 60 days. } The President only has to inform Congress within 48 hours of committing troops. } Congress has never seriously used this power. The President as Head of State } The President has very broad authority to conduct diplomatic affairs. } Washington sets another precedent: he believed the provision “to receive ambassadors,” implied that he alone had the authority to recognize new governments and receive its ministers. The President as Head of State } Two-thirds majority of the Senate have to ratify treaties, imposing a real test of the President’s powers. } The Senate rejected former President Wilson’s League of Nations treaty. }
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course MIST 3000 taught by Professor Kim during the Fall '11 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Presidency - 9/25/11 Current Events The straw polls just...

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