Exam 3 - POSC l ll3/Baker/Exam 3 ON YOUR SCANTRON: First,...

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Unformatted text preview: POSC l ll3/Baker/Exam 3 ON YOUR SCANTRON: First, fill in your name in the appropriate section (LAST, FIRST) and fill in corresponding bubbles. Select the best response to the following questions. Make sure of your answer before you mark it, as the machine will often count erasure marks as incorrect responses. 1. There are members in the House and members in the Senate. A) 100; 100 B) 270; 50 C) 435; 100 D) 538; 100 2. Which of the following is NOT a power of Congress? A) Grant pardons B) Draft military C) Taxation D) Declare war 3. A primary function of Congress is A) legislating B) executive branch leadership selection C) seating and disciplining members D) all of the above 4. The impeaches federal officials and the holds the power to then remove them from office. A) Congress; Supreme Court B) House; Senate C) Senate; Supreme Court D) House; Senate Ethics Committee 5. The is the expectation that members of Congress will aid other members in getting bills to committee and respect the work and judgment of each other's committees. A) norm of policy responsiveness B) norm of apprenticeship C) norm of reciprocity D) norm of allocation 6. According to the Constitution, where do revenue (taxation) bills have to originate? A) The President B) Office of Management and Budget C) The House of Representatives D) The General Accounting Office 7. Sub—committee meetings that change and amend legislation are known as A) Rules B) Ways and Means C) Open Hearings D) Mark-up sessions 8. The Rules Committee in the House of Representatives is able to A) decide if bills may have attachments B) set time limits for debate on a piece of legislation C) set time for the actual vote on the bill D) all of the above 9. A bill going to the floor with an open rule will A) allow consideration of amendments B) prohibit any amendment being considered C) have several voting periods D) none of the above 10. A large bill that incorporates many bills that are often unrelated are called A) executive orders B) discharge petitions C) omnibus bills D) earmarks 11. What is the only formal means of ending a filibuster in the Senate? A) An agreement is reached between the majority/minority party leadership B) A vote of cloture C) A two-thirds vote by Congress D) A censure motion by the Supreme Court 12. A temporary committee consisting of members from both chambers of Congress to reconcile differences in the House and Senate versions of a bill is called a A) select committee B) standing committee C) conference committee D) committee of the Whole 13. A member of Congress who helps a constituent get Social Security benefits or a passport is engaging in A) oversight B) earmarks C) casework D) pork barrel tactics 14. If the President vetoes a bill passed by the Congress, then Congress may in turn check presidential power by overriding the veto. What is the threshold that Congress needs to be successful with the override? A) A simple majority of either chamber B) A simple majority in both chambers C) A two—thirds majority in both chambers D) A two-thirds majority in only one chamber 15. Which of the following is not a power of the President? A) Vetoing Legislation B) Administrative Head of Nation C) Granting Pardons D) Declaring War 16. Presidents share the appointment power with A) The House of Representatives B) The Senate C) Bureaucratic Council on Appointments D) Federal district courts 17. Presidential power has expanded as a result of A) the energy and initiative of individual executives B) broad interpretation of the powers granted to the executive by the Constitution C) Congressional delegations D) all of the above 18. Congress often gives the President authority to act on certain problems through A) line Item veto B) delegation of powers C) letting him appoint officials without Senate approval D) none of the above 19. Executive agreements are A) not valid in foreign policy matters unless approved by the Senate. B) agreements between the president and a head of government in another country that do not have to be approved by the Senate. C) an unconstitutional expansion of the power of the president D) used to achieve trivial matters, since the most significant issues must be addressed by the Senate. 20. The argument that presidents should have any power to address the needs of the nation except that which is prohibited by the Constitution stems from the clause. A) restrictive power B) stewardship C) bargaining D) faithful execution U.) 21. A written declaration that a president makes when signing a bill into law, often including statements pointing out sections of the law that the president deems unconstitutional, is known as a(n) A) signing statement. B) advice—and—consent statement. C) non-veto statement. D) executive agreement. 22. Important determinants of presidential approval ratings include A) the state of the economy B) military conflicts C) scandal D) all of the above 23. Presidential approval ratings tend to be highest A) in the first year of a President’s term. B) in the last year of a President’s first term C) in the last year of a President’s second term D) approval rating are inconsistent with no regular pattern that can be identified. 24. A president who delivers a prime-time, nationally televised speech and asks citizens to pressure Congress to pass legislation is A) is "going native" B) is "going public" C) is fulfilling the Founders‘ vision of a chief executive D) is building on the legacy of nineteenth-century presidents 25. What type of directives carry the same force of law as a piece of legislation passed by Congress and signed by the President? A) Executive Orders B) Bureaucratic rules and regulations C) Both A and B D) None of the above 26. According to Max Weber, a bureaucracy should be all of the following except 27. A) an organization that applies similar decisions to similar situations. B) made up of unspecialized staff to avoid delay in policy implementation. C) an organization where decisions are based on neutrality. D) an organization that makes promotions on the basis of merit, not politics. Government agencies with leaders who seek to expand their organization’s budgets and staffs to gain power are known as agencies. A) acquisitive B) captured C) hegemonic D) monopolistic 28. The Pendleton Act created the US Civil Service System in an effort to reduce A) influence of interest groups in presidential campaigns B) Congressional committee growth C) Southern attempts to secede D) giving bureaucratic positions to Presidential supporters 29. The merit system in hiring and promotion in bureaucracies A) helps ensure that public employees are not fired or disciplined because of their political characteristics or values B) makes it difficult to demote or discipline incompetent employees C) removes public due process guarantees from the federal bureaucracy D) A & B 30. The former practice of staffing government bureaucracies on the basis of political connections and political loyalty was known as A) the merit or civil service system B) the good old boy network C) the spoils or patronage system D) the bureaucratic system 31. Congress's control over the bureaucratic budget A) allows it to amend and veto executive branch regulations at its discretion. B) has very little impact on the bureaucracy. C) allows it to reorder an agency’s priorities through detailed appropriations legislation. D) still does not allow it to invalidate specific policies. 32. Which of the following is NOT a reason for the growth of the bureaucracy? A) Increasing social programs B) The need to offer consumer safety C) Programs to protect civil rights D) Increasing military conflicts over the past 50 years 33. A government agency is subject to “capture” when A) its leaders are acquisitive and seek to expand their organization to gain power. B) it takes the leadership role in an iron triangle. C) the industry an agency regulates controls the agency that is supposed to regulate it. D) the issue network it participates in collapses. 34. The ultimate result of allowing bureaucrats to set the formal regulations is that A) important policy decisions are made by invisible, unelected bureaucrats. B) government operates far less efficiently. C) the will of the majority is carried out. D) Congress is able to keep close watch on all government activities. 35. If a bureaucratic branch department adopts rules and regulations, A) the Supreme Court must approve those rules and regulations before they take effect. B) those rules and regulations are only “good advice”. C) the state courts must review the regulations before they take effect. D) the rules and regulations have the same force and effect of a law passed by Congress. 36. The iron triangle is A) the three branches of government. B) The CIA, the FBI, and the ATP. C) the Department of Defense, the Department of State, and the Department of Justice. D) an alliance of related interest groups, Congressional committees, and bureaucracy. 37. The Constitution A) mandates at least one Supreme Court and at least three courts of appeals B) leaves much of the structure and organization of the courts to Congress C) mandates that the Supreme Court have at least nine members D) lets the president decide the size and structure of the federal court 38. The Court's power of judicial review was A) specifically granted in the U.S. Constitution. B) granted by executive order of the president. C) taken by the Court from the text and structure of the US. Constitution. D) none of the above 39. In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court A) ruled that the Court had the power to order the president to perform an act required by congressionally passed statute. B) declared that it had the power to strike down laws that were unconstitutional. C) saw its decision ignored by the president. D) ruled that the Court could not enter a dispute between Congress and the president. 40. Which of the following can be used to overturn a Supreme Court decision declaring a federal law unconstitutional? A) Congressional nullification B) Appealing the decision C) Presidential veto D) Amending the US. Constitution 41. Most of the cases ultimately heard by the US. Supreme Court come from A) amicus curiae briefs. B) judicial review. C) its appellate jurisdiction. D) its original jurisdiction. 42. The Supreme Court can review a state supreme court decision A) only if a federal question is involved. B) if there are damages in excess of $50,000. C) if Congress asks them to do so. D) in all cases. 43. According to the Constitution, the Supreme Court can exercise original jurisdiction A) over cases appealed from state supreme courts. B) in cases where jurisdiction has been granted by statute. C) to intervene in a federal case. D) in cases affecting foreign diplomats and in cases in which the state is a party. 44. A writ ofcertiorarz' by the Supreme Court orders A) both parties in a case to reach agreement without further litigation. B) state courts to abide by the decisions of the Court. C) a lower court to send it the record of a case for review. D) Congress to rewrite unconstitutional legislation. 45. What does the “rule of four” mean in the Supreme Court? A) At least four of the Justices must agree to hear a case B) At least four of the Justices must vote in the majority for a case to be cited as a precedent C) One single President cannot appoint more than four Justices during his term(s). D) At least four other lower courts must hear a case before the Supreme Court will accept it 46. Generally speaking, the Supreme Court picks cases A) that raise important constitutional issues B) that raise questions of political significance C) on which appellate courts have issued conflicting rulings D) all of the above 47. A dissenting opinion can be important because A) it represents the position of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. B) it is the statement of the defendant's attorney to the Court. C) in criminal law it must be carried out by local police. D) it often forms the basis of the arguments used later to reverse the majority opinion in a similar case. 48. If a case is to be retried due to an appeals court review. it A) is sent to the supreme court of the state in question. B) is sent back to the court that heard the case. C) can only be of a civil nature—criminal cases cannot be remanded. D) must be decided within the calendar year. 49. Most petitions for writs of certiorari to the Supreme Court are A) granted. B) made by Congress. C) ordered by state district courts. D) denied. 50. How can the Supreme Court enforce the decisions that they have made? A) They can direct local and state police forces to enforce their decisions B) Congress is forced to write new laws that follow the opinion of the Court. C) The Supreme Court has to rely on the executivevbranch to enforce the law. D) None of the above Please pick up all previous materials (e.g. scantrons, writing assignments) when you turn in your exam. Exams will not be graded and posted for those students who do not pick up remaining materials. Exam scores will be posted on D2L as soon as they are returned to us from Testing Services: which may not be until after we return from Thanksgiving break. ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course POLS 1113 taught by Professor Dr.anderson during the Fall '07 term at Oklahoma State.

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Exam 3 - POSC l ll3/Baker/Exam 3 ON YOUR SCANTRON: First,...

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