Final Exam - PHIL 1213 Final Exam The exam is due in the...

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Unformatted text preview: PHIL 1213 Final Exam The exam is due in the DZL dropbox Thursday, December 15 by midnight (Thursday night). I want the format to be: typed, double-spaced, 12 pt. Times New Roman font, with I ” margins. DO NOT RE—TYPE THE QUESTIONS, & D0 NOTFORGET TO TYPE YOUR NAME. Good luck and everyone have a nice break! Part 1: True False “God Edition”. 10 ts. total 1. l The evidentiary/inductive problem of evil says that the existence of God is unlikely, given the existence of moral evil that arises from human free will. 2. 1 Deism is the belief that there is some sort of God, but he/she does not have t e traits that the Judeo—Christian tradition alleges. XV 3LT Thomas Nagel thinks that God cannot be used to explain the meaning of life, since God is ultimately unexplainable. 4. F— For Nietzsche, “God is dead” means that the creator is deceased. 5. L John Cottingham thinks that belief in God is a prerequisite for one to embark on a path of spiritual exercises. Part 2: The Problem of Evil. 9 ts. total 6. Step 1: fill in the blanks. (a) God is (b) God is om n3 «3c (an (e) God is m ionAQAIU (ax/N (d) Evil exists I Step 2: Aico ding to some atheists, the problem with (a) - (d) is that the statements are mka w . Step 3: To remedy this problem some Christian philosophe s add another statement, which goes as follows: (e) a (in S evii pi i {n+0 $0 5 plan For “Ht wor’ao 7. Lay out the Inductive/evidentiary problem of ev'l in argument form panacefififir‘j (a) M if It Mom: owl emit. Jame. mtcl ~4th (b) Bet than. is juSi Ha‘i (therefore) A it) *DMM 613A probabij Aoecn‘i txlhl Part 3: Short Answer. 21 pts. total; answer each guestion in 3 or more sentences (#12 will likely reguire more sentences than the others). 8. Define moral evil and give an example or two. 9. Define natural evil and give an example or two. 10. What is gratuitous evil (hint: these sorts of evils may sometimes fall into either category of moral or natural evil, but there is something that still distinguishes gratuitous evils from some instances of moral or natural evil, I want to know what this difference is). 11. Briefly state the doctrine of the Atonement (as discussed in class). 12. List and briefly explain the Four Noble Truths. 13. For Cottingham, what are the two different ways in which the futility of life may present itself? Of the two, which does he think is the more serious problem? 14. In regards to God’s alleged trait of omnipotence, a certain (unnamed) dilemma was presented in class. Explain the dilemma to me and tell me the proposed solution. Part 4: Essay. 60 pts. total. Answer BOTH of the essays3 300 word minimum per essay. 14. Cottingham (in Part 3 of his book) says that [A] we need a spiritual/religious dimension in our lives in order to give it meaning. He also thinks that [B] the scientific understanding of the universe alone cannot provide the sort of value and meaning that we need (which the spiritual facet of our lives supposedly can). Your essay should tell me: (1) how Cottingham arrives at [A] (that is, what are his reasons; what are the alleged benefits of taking on a religious outlook)? (2) How does he arrive at [B]? & (3) Are his reasons for [B] plausible? 15. The inductive/evidentiary problem of evil says that the existence of a tri-omni God is unlikely, given the widespread existence of (seemingly) unnecessary human and animal suffering. That is, the amount of needless evils in the world counts as evidence against the J udeo-Christian God. What are the potential responses atheist could give? Do any of the proposed solutions work? Do not discuss the logical problem of evil or any of its potential solutions. ...
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Final Exam - PHIL 1213 Final Exam The exam is due in the...

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