HP2400 Social Psychology Chapter 4 Social Perception SV (3).pptx - HP2400 Social Psychology Social Perception Scope of class \u2022 What is social

HP2400 Social Psychology Chapter 4 Social Perception SV (3).pptx

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HP2400: Social Psychology Social Perception
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Scope of class What is social perception? Nonverbal behaviors Distance Eye contact Gestures Causal attributions Different approaches to causal attributions Heider’s theory of attribution Kelley’s covariation model The two-step process of attributions Self-serving attributions Defensive attributions Beliefs in a just world 2
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So far we’ve linked construal to social cognition. Now we bring it to the domains of social perception. Much of social perception is about forming impressions and explaining the world – how we perceive things. From social cognition to social perception 3
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Traditionally, the study of social perception revolves around one question: What are the ________ behind a behavior? We want to know why people are the way they are. Apparently, this tendency runs so deep in our nature that it is almost like a “ ________________ .” The need to explain people and their behaviors is important because doing so helps us understand and predict our social world. Tagging a behavior with a cause – any cause – and the world is less random or chaotic in our eyes. Social perception 4
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Social perception focuses a great deal on nonverbal behaviors. Nonverbal communication: The process by which people communicate, intentionally or unintentionally, without the use of words. Nonverbal cues serve many functions in communication. 1. Express ________________ or feelings. “I’m angry” narrowing your eyes, lowering your eyebrows, and setting your mouth in a thin, straight line. 2. Convey an ____________ or a thought. “I like you” with smiles and extended eye contact. 3. Communicate your ____________ . As an extrovert, you may present yourself with broad gestures and engage in a lot of colorful body motions. 5 Social perception: Non-verbal behaviors
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Communicating without a word: Nonverbal behaviors Nonverbal behaviors have various aspects, such as: Eye contact Gestures Nonverbal Behaviors Distance Eye contact Gestures Facial Expressions Body Movement Possession Decorations 6
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Nonverbal behaviors: Eye contact Eye contact is more than the bonding between two pairs of eyes. It conveys a great deal of social information. Lack of interest Sadness Anger In fact, people are so ____________ to eyes, to the point that the feeling of being watched is enough to affect behaviors. 7
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Watchful eyes & honesty (Bateson, Nettle, & Roberts, 2006) 8 IV Eye gaze DV honesty
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Nonverbal behaviors: Gestures Gestures are body language; many bodily movements are generally accepted and convey specific information or directions. Gestures are highly subject to interpretations. Generational differences Cultural differences 9
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The psychology of causal attribution is another key part of social perception. Why do we care about the causes of behaviors?
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  • Summer '19
  • Fritz Heider

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