ap gov. ch. 3 outline

ap gov. ch. 3 outline - Jessie Chen Ch.3 Federalism...

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Jessie Chen Ch.3 : Federalism Devolution: The effort to transfer respons. For public prgms and services from fed. Gov. to state gov. 104 th Repub. Congr. = devolution powers Block grants: money from national gov. for prgms that states can spend within a broad guideline set by Washington. Governmental Structure: Federalism = local units and national gov. Almost every nation in the world has local units of gov. – aren’t federal unless the local units exist independent of the preferences of the national gov. and can make some decisions US, Canada, Australia, India, Germany, Switz = fed. Systems Fra, GB, Italy, Sweden = unitary systems- local gov. can be possessed or altered by national gov. Special protection of local gov. part from const. part from habits of citizens. SU = federal but not really b/c of their citizens actual distr. Of power and very centralized gov. National gov. exercises many of its powers through state gov. Federalism: Good or Bad?: Harold Laski GB observer said US states as “parasitic and poisonous” William H. Riker (American)- “the man effect of federalism since the Civil War has been to perpetuate racism” Daniel J. Elazar- “fed. System to develop and perpetuate gov. strength and liberty = central of American politics” States can use their power to fuel segregation but at the same time protect segregation. Smaller the political unit more likely to be dominated by single political faction- James Madison used it to argue in Federalist #10- in large republic that one could find greatest opportunity. William Riker against federalism thinking it rules out AA. Daniel Elazar praises fed. b/c cities help protect environ. Increased Political Activity: Most obvious effect of fed. = mobilize political activity Avg. person feels like more effect- through elected local officials. Widespread opportunities for political participation. The Founding: Fed. To protect personal liberty(separation of powers the other one) Didn’t want tyranny. Confederation: state gov. operate to create national gov. dependent on cooperation bet. States A Bold, New Plan: Federation aka federal republic- power from the people. Neither state nor national have supreme power over the other. Const. only spells out states power in 10 th Amend. Court gave new life to 10 th Amend. Founders had diff. views of fed. Hamilton – national gov was superior to enforce Jefferson- national gov. product of agreement among states- the people were ultimate sovereigns. The Debate on the Meaning of Federalism: National supremacy issue The Supreme Court Speaks: Beginning years dominated by Hamilton’s supporters for national supremacy led by John Marshall Chief Justice McCulloch vs. Maryland: 1) chartering a national bank is “necessary and proper” 2) states can’t tax fed. Inst. McCulloch won-so did fed. Gov.
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course POLI SCI 1 taught by Professor Schickler during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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ap gov. ch. 3 outline - Jessie Chen Ch.3 Federalism...

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