ap gov. ch. 7 outline - Jessie Chen 2/18/08 Ch. 7 Outline...

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Jessie Chen 2/18/08 Ch. 7 Outline Consti. Didn’t make a gov. that would do from day to day what the people want. Created gov. to achieve certain goals. Preamble: Justice, domestic tranquility, common defense, general welfare, and blessings of liberty. Popular rule provided by right of ppl to vote for Reps in the House. But others like rep. gov. federalism, separation of powers, Bill of rights, indep. Judiciary. = public opinion. b/c we’re diverse we’re not public opinion but rather publics w/ many opinions. Framers hoped the struggle among many public would protect liberty while permitting reasonable policies that supports lots of factions. Polls of public opinions not always true. What is Public Opinion? Public opinion: how people think or feel about particular things First public opinion votings in 1940s- vast majority knew nothing about gov., only vague notions about public policies that affected them directly. Then found out that most are good at using limited info to figure out what policies, parties, candidates reflect their values then vote accordingly. When supplied with basic info, avg citizens get own position for reasons How polling works Poll: a survey of public opinion Random sample: method of selecting from a population in which each person has an equal probability of being selected. Sampling error: the difference between the results of random samples taken at the same time Exit polls: polls based on interviews conducted on Election Day with randomly selected voters Less people answer calls b/c telemarketers. For any population over 500,000 needs 15,000 phone calls to reach reps. Lower response rates = harm reliability How Opinions differ: Opinion saliency: some people care more about certain issues than other people Opinion stability: on some issues opinions are pretty steady while on others more volatile Opinion policy congruence: issues significantly out of sync. Example: the Iraq war. Some feel more strong on the issue than others. Political socialization: process by which background traits influence one’s political views. Children share parent’s political affiliations. Mass and elite opinion differ. Elite: people who have a disproportionate amount of some valued resource- know and think diff. Gov. attends more to the elite views than popular views on many matters. Political Socialization: The Family Lots of young people, beginning in 5 th grade(age 11) kids identify themselves with the party of their parents. Only 1/5 indep. 60% of adults same party id. As parents. Those who did differ mostly wasn’t in opposite party but just indep.
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course POLI SCI 1 taught by Professor Schickler during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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ap gov. ch. 7 outline - Jessie Chen 2/18/08 Ch. 7 Outline...

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