Ap gov ch 13 p. - Jessie Chen 3 period AP Gov rd The Strength of Party Structures One measure of strength of the parties = ability of party leaders

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Jessie Chen 3 rd period AP Gov The Strength of Party Structures: One measure of strength of the parties = ability of party leaders to get their members to vote together on rules Ex. Repub Newt Gingrich became Speaker in 1995 had whole buncha rules everyone voted in favor of. Measure of his influence, but getting support on legislation is harder. Last few decades Senate been changes in norms informally w/o changes in written ruled, now Senate is less party centered and leader oriented, more hospital to freshmen, more heavily staffed, more subcommittee-oriented Party Unity: Measured by the extent to which members of a party vote together in House and Senate Party polarization: a vote in which a majority of Dem. Legislators oppose a majority of Repub. Legislators. by 1990s party unity voting was norm in House and Senate. Increase adversarial relationship bet. Dems and Repubs. Before party split was diff. in party discipline and winning elections, today is ideo. Diff. between parties. Sharp increase in party votes in Congr. Since 1970. Voting in Congress bimodal- except on national urgency- all Dems. One way, all REpubs a diff. way Votes of emotional matters like abortion reps don’t vote like constituents, but on tax and econ matters show same pattern. Voters became more partisan in that they see imp. Diff. between 2 parties- favor party w/ their ideo. View ^ #1 reason) b/c congressional district lines drawn to protect one party or antoher. The only election that counts is the primary to pick a cand. For House districts- so most ideo. Pl in low turn out primary play a disproportionate role in choosing the cand. ^ #2 reason) voters more partisan b/c Congress more partisan. Follow the reps, those who don’t pay attention to the reps voting don’t vote anyways ^#3 reason) seniority- become chairmen and have influence on which way the bill goes- Dem or Repub. But most reps stick to their ideo. Views. Party does make a diff. in Congress. Not as much as it once did- but still most imp. Thing to know about a member. Caucuses: Caucus: an association of Congress members created to advance a political ideo. Or a regional, ethnic, or econ interest. 1959 = only 4, 1980s= 100+ Grew rapidly in 1970s Repub Congr. In 1995 made operations of caucuses more difficult- all aides must be housed in member’s offices so coordination harder. 6 types of caucuses: 4 constituency based 1) Intraparty- based on same ideo. Like Dem. Study group
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2) Personal interest 3) Constituency- concerns, national 4) Constituency- regional 5) Constituency- state/district 6) Constituency- industry CBC(Congres. Black Caucus) declined over the years.
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course POLI SCI 1 taught by Professor Schickler during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Ap gov ch 13 p. - Jessie Chen 3 period AP Gov rd The Strength of Party Structures One measure of strength of the parties = ability of party leaders

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