03+History+of+Science

03+History+of+Science - SOSC111 Science, Technology &...

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Unformatted text preview: SOSC111 Science, Technology & Society Lecture 3 History of Science History of Science History of science is usually about a body of knowledge . But we should also consider the changes taking place in practices , or in the community of people involved. If we look at history of science in this way, we can better understand how our present-day science came about. Modern Science Modern science has its roots in what is loosely described as “Western science.” However, “Western” science does not have a continuous historical tradition! Non-western science has made important contributions Scientific discovery often negates previous knowledge Is This the True Model of the Development of Science? Latest Scientific Knowledge Past Scientific Knowledge No! Many Times New Scientific Knowledge Negates Past Knowledge Latest Scientific Knowledge Past Scientific Knowledge A bit of knowledge here, a bit of method there… The history of science is made up from a mosaic of different pieces from different time periods . Ultimately it comes together in the Scientific Revolution in the 17th century in Europe The Rise of Modern Science (what we know and do today) Western Science begins… in the Near East Our story begins in ancient Egypt and Babylon . These are among the early irrigation civilizations. Increased economic wealth gave rise for opportunities to… think about the world. But there could also be a practical value of astronomy… Ancient Western Civilizations Babylon King Hammurabi - 1700 B. C. united country into Babylonian Empire Developed a Calendar with 360 days Developed sexagesimal number system based on 60 still uses for degree measurement (angles) 24 hour day 12 lunar cycles per year Babylonian Astronomy Ancient Greece One of the special attributes of ancient Greek science is their notion of the Kosmos , a highly ordered universe that could be explained through naturalistic reasoning. As in other religions, Greek gods served to explain how the world came into being, and how it changed. At the same time, the idea of the Kosmos meant that the universe had rules – rules that could be discovered. How or Why? Greek philosophers created a large number of theories about how the universe was constructed and how it operated....
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course SOSC 111 taught by Professor Wonganson during the Summer '10 term at HKUST.

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03+History+of+Science - SOSC111 Science, Technology &...

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