03+History+of+Science

03+History+of+Science - SOSC111 Science,Technology&Society...

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    SOSC111   Science, Technology & Society Lecture 3 History of Science 
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History of Science History of science is usually about a  body of knowledge . But we should also consider the  changes taking place in  practices , or in  the  community of people  involved. If we look at history of science in this  way, we can better understand how our  present-day science came about.
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Modern Science Modern science has its roots in what is  loosely described as “Western science.”    However, “Western” science  does not  have a continuous historical tradition!  Non-western science has made important  contributions Scientific discovery often  negates  previous  knowledge
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Is This the True Model of the  Development of Science? Latest Scientific Knowledge Past Scientific Knowledge
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No! Many Times New Scientific  Knowledge Negates Past Knowledge Latest Scientific Knowledge Past Scientific Knowledge
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A bit of knowledge here, a bit  of method there… The history of science is made up from  a mosaic of  different pieces  from  different  time periods .   Ultimately it comes together in the  Scientific Revolution  in the 17th  century in Europe The Rise of  Modern Science  (what we  know and do today)
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Western Science begins…  in the Near East Our story begins in ancient Egypt and  Babylon These are among the early irrigation  civilizations.  Increased economic  wealth gave rise for opportunities to…  think  about the world. But there could also be a practical value  of astronomy…
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Ancient Western Civilizations
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Babylon King Hammurabi - 1700 B. C. united  country into  Babylonian Empire Developed a  Calendar  with 360 days  Developed  sexagesimal  number  system based on 60 still uses for degree measurement (angles) 24 hour day  12 lunar cycles per year
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Babylonian Astronomy
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Ancient Greece One of the special attributes of ancient Greek  science is their notion of the  Kosmos , a  highly ordered universe  that could be  explained through naturalistic reasoning. As in other religions, Greek gods served to  explain how the world came into being, and  how it changed.  At the same time, the idea of the  Kosmos   meant that the universe had  rules  – rules that  could be discovered.
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How or Why? Greek philosophers created a large number  of  theories  about how the universe was  constructed and how it operated.
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