09+Security+and+Politics

09+Security+and+Politics - SOSC111 Science,Technology...

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    SOSC111   Science, Technology &  Society Lecture 9 Security and Politics
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Technology & Security Today we are considering: How we use technology to  protect   ourselves and our property. How we use technology to  stabilize and  destabilize  relationships. How industrialization has led to  exponential rise  in destructive power –  and thus threat to the security of society
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Securing Ourselves  and Our Property Keeping some people OUT, and our  goods IN. Walls, doors, moats/bridges, creaking  floors, dogs, locks, chains, peep holes,  door codes, window bars, cameras, motion  detectors, magnetic strips…
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Historical Origins: City & State Living together; trading together   Need to  protect your property Rise of  urban crime. Specialization in security:   Police (or sheriffs)  Security firms (Dragon Guard) Soldiers Triads (?)
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Armies and Walls States and empires  supported the rise of  professional  soldiers . States and empires funded  the development of  advanced technologies for  new weapons . Empires built  walls  for  protection and security
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Creating Balance and  Imbalance States use military technology to establish  strategic balance  and imbalance. States also use institutional arrangements  -  international agreements  - for keeping arms  races in check.  For example: Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty of 1972 Obama’s summit of 47 countries to keep nuclear  material out of terrorist hands  The problem is that some countries possess  nuclear weapons, but do not participate 
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Industrialization The industrial revolution gave  inspiration to military technologists. One early development was the  machine gun . World War I (1914-18)  http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =L3Cog9Zk3J4   Another was the application of  factory principles  to the slaughter  of people, such as flow control,  efficiency, ordered disassembly.   Shooting and burying people was too  inefficient.
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Concentration camps in Germany during  World War II: Industrialized extermination Auschwich: Victims entered what was  labeled a “shower-room”.  Once inside,  they were gassed with hydrogen  cyanide or carbon monoxide.
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Birkenau map.
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Auschwitz-Birkenau had a capacity of killing  over 1,400 people per day.
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Modernization Rise of  individual power  to kill or  destroy.  Technologies expand our range of violence September 11: Jumbo Jet as a weapon of  mass destruction The shift towards non-physical or  remote controlled violence .
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course SOSC 111 taught by Professor Wonganson during the Summer '10 term at HKUST.

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09+Security+and+Politics - SOSC111 Science,Technology...

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