10+Gender+and+Culture

10+Gender+and+Culture - SOSC111ScienceTechnology andSociety...

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      SOSC 111 - Science Technology  and Society Lecture 10 Gender - Culture Gender - Culture
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From Politics to Gender In a previous class we discussed how  some technologies were  inherently  political   That is, they  prescribed  certain  power  relations  or  membership This class we discuss technologies that do  not inherently prescribe power relations or  membership, but nevertheless are closely  associated with  certain roles ,   a certain  sex  or a culture
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Gender What do we mean by  gender ? It refers to sexual identity, whether a  person is  male or female .   It can also refer to how a society or culture  classifies  certain things or actions.   Imagine behaviors that we associate with  either men or women: Nursing Cooking 
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Gendering of Technology In order to get a deeper understanding  of the gendering of technology, we  need to think about  gender roles . What people  DO  has a large impact on  the technologies they  USE . Therefore, what  roles  (activities) have  been assigned to men… and what roles  are assigned to women?
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Where People Work… One thing that matters is  where  people  work: Who works in the home/family? Working in the kitchen  Who works in a factory or in the office?  Working in the construction industry Working in the university?
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Economics and Gender So called  “non-economic”  activities (those which  normally do not earn money) are often gendered  female.  Consider the typical activities of a mother:   cooking teaching caring . When these same activities are done outside the  home, they often become gendered male. Mom cooking at home / a chef in a restaurant Mom taking care of a child / a Doctor treating a  child in a hospital. Mom teaching a child how to spell / a Professor  teaching a student how to write an essay.
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More Work for Mother In the last 150 years, a large amount of  technology  has entered the  home . Much of this technology was designed  with women in mind. The technology was marketed as  labor  saving .  However, as more technology  and more products appeared, the  amount of work actually has increased.
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Laundry Machine The laundry machine  became  popular  in  private homes  It replaced labour  intensive laundry  services, done by  domestic helpers or by  laundry services But it did  not reduce  the  housewife’s work…
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The Vacuum Cleaner Vacuum cleaners are usually  operated by  women They are not marketed as a  man’s tool
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Women’s Technologies? The marketing of things like soap or vacuum 
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course SOSC 111 taught by Professor Wonganson during the Summer '10 term at HKUST.

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10+Gender+and+Culture - SOSC111ScienceTechnology andSociety...

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