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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1: Listening to Chapter 1: Listening to Music Sound •
• Sound vibrations produce electrochemical impulses
Neurons identify sound by pitch, color, etc.
Midsection of brain determines our emotional response Results in increased levels of dopamine Sound and Technology Principles of acoustics invariable Methods of capturing and preserving sound has varied Oral tradition Written notation began around 900 C.E. Edison’s phonograph (1877) most significant development
Digital technology in the 1990s Classical Music Popular Music “High art” or “learned” Appeals to a large music Timeless qualities population Contemporary issues of life Classical Music Popular Music • Emphasizes instrumental music
• Precise notation
• Acoustic instruments • Emphasizes vocal music
• Oral and aural transmission
• Electrically amplified instruments Classical Music Popular Music Lengthy and varied in Short and conveys a mood Abstract sound patterns single mood Recurrent, immediately audible beat Attending a Concert of Classical Music Preparation Develop familiarity with the music Learn the history of the composer, composition (try to avoid Wikipedia; go to a music dictionary, such as the Grove Dictionary) Best sound usually near the back of the first balcony The conductor’s gestures indicate important musical events Concert Etiquette Don’t talk (or whisper) during the performance
Applause When the conductor or soloist walks onto the stage
At the end of an entire composition or set Latecomers Never enter while a performance is in progress
Wait to enter until: The soloist exits the stage The ensemble prepares to play a new composition Concert Etiquette Electronic equipment Double check to make sure cell phones are off
Do not check Email Do not play electronic games Do not take pictures of the performance Four Steps To Becoming A Good Listener
Learn how music works Improve your musical memory
Focus solely on the music
Practice • Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 • Strauss, Also Sprach Zarathustra ...
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- Summer '08