Chapter_02_6e

Chapter_02_6e - Chapter 2: Rhythm Chapter 2: Rhythm Rhythm...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2: Rhythm Chapter 2: Rhythm Rhythm The organization of time in music Gives a shape, or profile to the melody Provides vitality and definition to a melody Beat An even pulse Divides musical time into equal segments Present in all music Can be strongly felt or barely perceptible Often creates a physical response: tapping the foot or clapping Meter Results from gathering beats into measures Measure: a group of beats Also called a bar Vertical line in the score Most common meters: duple, triple, and quadruple Meter Signature Also called the time signature A numerical symbol indicting the meter Bottom number: note value of the beat Top number: beats per measure Normally placed at the beginning of the score Beats within a measure Downbeat First beat in a measure Downward motion of conductor’s baton Greater emphasis than other beats Beats within a measure Upbeat Last beat in the measure Upward motion of the conductor’s baton A weak beat Beats within a measure Pickup Upbeat prior to a composition’s first downbeat Provides a little extra momentum Not every composition has a pickup Accent Emphasis placed on a musical tone or chord Heaviest accent typically on downbeats Syncopation Displaces the natural accent Gives an unexpected bounce Prominent feature in Jazz Used throughout the history of music Tempo Speed at which beats occur Normally steady Tempo markings indicate the appropriate speed Adagio (slow) – slow Andante –moderate Allegro – fast ...
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