This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: Chapter 14: The Late Baroque
Chapter 14: The Late Baroque
Handel George Frideric Handel (16851759)
Career Hamburg (17031706)
Hanover (1710) London (17101759) George Frideric Handel (16851759) Reputation Most famous composer in Europe A national institution in England Reputation increased after his death Most famous for choral compositions * Dance suite A collection of instrumental dances
Usually four to seven movements Each has a distinctive rhythm and character Binary form (A and B) Intended as concert music, not to accompany dancing Water Music (1717)*(played by musicians on water) Composed for a public entertainment
An immediate success
Minuet and Trio Minuet a moderate, triple meter dance Second minuet is shorter and called a trio “About eight in the evening the King repaired to his barge. . . . Next to the King’s barge was that of the musicians, about 50 in number, who played on all kinds of instruments, to wit trumpets, horns, hautboys, bassoon, German flutes, French flutes, violins and basses; but there were no singers. The music had been composed specially by the famous Handel, a native of Halle, and His Majesty’s principal Court Composer. His Majesty so greatly approved of the music that he caused it to be repeated three times in all, although each performance lasted an hour—namely twice before and once after supper. . . . the number of barges and above all of boats filled with people desirous of hearing the music was beyond counting.” OPERA
Subject CANTATA ORATORIO Theater Church Theater Secular entertainment
Theater Part of a Church service
Church Sacred entertainment
Theater Fully dramatized (staging, costumes, etc.)
Classical mythology Concert style Concert style (staging, costumes omitted) Accompaniment Biblical subjects Ancient history
Recitative Recitative Recitative Da capo aria Musical Forms Gospel reading Da capo aria Da capo aria Orchestra Chorus
Orchestra Messiah (1741) Subject: Life of Christ Divided into three parts Prophecy and Birth Triumph of the Gospel Victory over Death Mood of lyrical meditation and exaltation Messiah (1741) One of nineteen English oratorios Composed in twentyfour days Premiered in Dublin Small choir and orchestra Enthusiastic response Later performances Foundling Hospital, London Chorus of thousands within a century “Hallelujah” Chorus
Concludes Part II Text from The Revelation of St. John Separate music for each phrase of text Hallelujah (Rev. 19:6) For the Lord God omnipotent reigneth (Rev. 19:6) The kingdom of this world is become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ (Rev. 11:15)
And he shall reign for ever and ever (Rev. 11:15)
King of Kings, and Lord of Lords (Rev. 19:16) ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course MUS 1751 taught by Professor Harris during the Summer '08 term at LSU.
- Summer '08