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Chapter_18_6e - Chapter 18 Classical Forms Chapter 18...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 18: Classical Forms Chapter 18: Classical Forms Theme and Variations, Rondo Theme and Variations Theme altered continually Each variation different Progressively more complicated Coda provides an appropriate conclusion Theme and Variations Standard methods of variation Melodic variation Ornamentation Figural patterns Adding a contrapuntal melody Change the timbre Theme and Variations More radical transformations Rhythmic alterations Harmony: changing the mode Create a new melody from original harmony Haydn: Symphony No. 94, The “Surprise” Symphony Second of the 12 London Symphonies Composed during the summer of 1791 First performance London, March 23, 1792 Audience cheered the second movement Haydn’s most celebrated compositions Rondo form One of the oldest musical forms Dates to the Middle Ages Similar to Ritornello form Refrain continually returns Rondo form Typical patterns 5­part form: ABACA 7­part form: ABACABA or ABACADA Sonata rondo Exposition A B Development A C Recapitulation A B A Mozart: Horn Concerto in E­flat major, K. 495* Composed in 1786 Written for Joseph Leutgeb One of Mozart’s four horn concertos Written for a “natural” horn Lacks valves Uses crooks Valves on French horns appeared c. 1835 Köchel (K) numbers* Identifies Mozart’s 600+ compositions Approximate chronological order Devised by Ludwig von Köchel Form, Mood, and the Listener’s Expectations* Movement 1 2 3 4 Tempo Fast Slow Lively Fast Form Sonata­allegro Minuet and trio in ternary form Mood Serious and substantive despite fast tempo Large ternary, theme and variations, or rondo Lyrical and tender Sonata­ allegro, theme and variations, or Usually light *rondo* Bright, light­ and elegant, hearted, sometimes sometimes spirited humorous ...
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