Chapter_23_6e - Chapter 23 Chapter 23 Romantic Music The...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 23 Chapter 23 Romantic Music: The Art Song The Art Song Frenzy of poetic activity during nineteenth century English: Wordsworth, Keats, Shelley, etc. German: Goethe, Eichendorff, Heine, etc. Poets viewed music as purest of the arts Strong bond between music and poetry Music intensifies poetic sentiments Expresses emotions without words The Art Song Definition Composition for solo voice and piano accompaniment High artistic aspirations Lied: German term for art song Form Strophic Same music for each stanza of the poem Single poetic mood Schubert: Ave Maria Modified Strophic Alters the music at some point Variation can be minimal or significant Clara Schumann: “If You Love for Beauty” Form Ternary A common form for songs Creates formal unity Robert Schumann: “Dedication” Through­composed Each stanza set to new music Projects a series of changing moods Schubert: Erlking Franz Schubert (1797­1828) Composed more than six hundred Lieder Lived a Bohemian life His music was performed at “Schubertiades” Took place in the parlors of his middle­class friends Schubert accompanied various singers Only Schubert’s music was performed Schubertiads Erlkönig*(angel of death) Schubert composed it at age 17 Written in one night His most famous Lied Text by Goethe (1749­1832) A dramatic tale of horror Contrasts passages of narration and dialogue Typifies Romantic fascination with the supernatural Erlkönig Form: Through­composed Musical characterization Piano accompaniment suggests the galloping horse Erlking sings a seductive line Terrified boy sings in upper range, chromatic inflections Father sings in lower, reassuring range Robert Schumann (1810­1856) A remarkably creative composer Best works are miniature compositions Character pieces for solo piano His Lieder are equal in quality to those of Schubert Large scale works Piano concerto a masterpiece Symphonies uneven in quality Afflicted with increasing mental illness Marriage with Clara a great love story “Du Ring an meinem Finger” From Frauenliebe und ­leben (Women in Love and Life) Setting of eight poems Poems move from love at first sight, to engagement, to separation Form: Rondo (ABACA) Identical music for similar stanzas Climax in strophe (section) C Ends with a piano epilogue Clara Wieck Schumann (1819­1896) One of the great piano virtuosos of the nineteenth century Concert debut at age eleven Toured Europe as a prodigy Named “Royal and Imperial Chamber Virtuosa” First Protestant First adolescent First woman Clara Wieck Schumann Married Robert Schumann in 1840 Surpassed Robert in international fame Respected Robert’s compositional genius Made suggestions and encouraged each other’s works Clara concluded that women should not compose Clara Wieck Schumann Initially put aside her concert career after marriage Gradually returned to a demanding concert schedule Driven by economic necessity A minimum of fifty concerts a year Toured widely Public performances until the age of 70 Established a close friendship with Brahms “Liebst du um Schönheit” (“If You Love for Beauty”) Poem by Eichendorff Modified strophic form Modest alterations between stanzas ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course MUS 1751 taught by Professor Harris during the Summer '08 term at LSU.

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