Chapter_25_6e - Chapter 25 Romantic Music Chapter 25...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 25: Romantic Music Chapter 25: Romantic Music Piano Music The Piano Technological advancements Range extended to 88 keys Cast­iron frame Allowed greater tension on the strings Increased the volume of sound Cross­stringing Invented by the Steinway Company Blended the tone The Piano Technological advancements Two pedals Soft pedal Hammers strike fewer strings Results in a softer dynamic Sustaining pedal Raises the dampers Sound continues after releasing the key The Piano Status symbol Every middle­class home had a piano Children, especially girls, all took lessons Large market for piano music A large audience interested in piano virtuosos Frédéric Chopin (1810­1849) Reputation “Poet of the piano” A national hero in Poland Born near Warsaw, Poland Education Attended an elite “prep” school Acquired aristocratic friends and tastes Studied at Warsaw Conservatory Frédéric Chopin Made his career in Paris Legendary playing style Disliked performing in public, played in private gatherings Circulated among the rich and powerful Earned money by teaching rich socialites Compositions Primarily composed for the piano Many compositions based on Polish folk dances Mazurka in B­flat major, Opus 7, No. 1 Composed in 1832 Mazurka A fast, triple­meter Polish dance Style can be heroic or sentimental Accents the second beat Melody draws upon native folk tunes Harmony Drones imitate traditional bagpipe accompaniment Fourth degree often raised a half step Nocturne in C­sharp minor*, Opus 27, No. 1 Composed in 1835 Nocturne (night piece) A slow, dreamy composition Came into favor during the 1820s and 1830s Chromaticism creates intensity of mood Franz Liszt (1811­1886) Reputation Compositions demand great virtuosity Flamboyant artistic personality Amazing virtuoso Influential composer Sex symbol Franz Liszt Years of travel (1839­1847) Played more than one thousand concerts Averaged two or three concerts a week for eight years Audience response was sensational, often hysterical Women tried to tear off articles of his clothing Known as Lisztomania Franz Liszt Established the modern piano recital Played the entire program from memory Placed the piano parallel to the stage Performed alone on stage Franz Liszt Weimar (1848­1861) Gave up extensive touring Devoted himself to composition Created the symphonic poem Last years Entered the lower Holy Orders of the Roman Church Lived for a time in the Vatican Called Abbé Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 8, “Wilde Jagd” (“Wild Hunt”; 1851) Etude Short, one­movement composition Improves technique Few can play Transcendental Etudes Program Nocturnal chase in a supernatural forest Common story in German Romantic literature ...
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