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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 27: Romantic Opera
Chapter 27: Romantic Opera
Germany Romantic Opera in Germany
Singspiel “Singing play” Many elements compare with the Broadway musical Topical humor Tuneful solo songs Energetic choral numbers Spoken dialogue Stimulated the emergence of German operatic tradition Richard Wagner (18131883)
Reputation Inspired extreme reactions Exerted enormous influence A determined, ruthless visionary Richard Wagner Career Unsuccessful in Paris Dresden First successful opera, Rienzi, performed there (1842) Became the city’s opera director Fled due to debt and radical politics Spent exile in Switzerland Worked on many of his operas Composed Tristan und Isolde Richard Wagner
Career King Ludwig II of Bavaria Rescued Wagner from financial ruin Encouraged completion of the Ring cycle A series of four lengthy operas Based on Germanic mythology Provided money for the Bayreuth Festival Theater Built according to Wagner’s specifications Only for Wagner’s music Richard Wagner Musical style Gesamtkunstwerk (Total art work)* Creates a more realistic drama Seamless flow of music Eliminates tuneful arias Heightens importance of orchestra Richard Wagner Musical style
Lietmotif A brief, distinctive unit of music Represents a character, object, or idea Usually played by the orchestra Suggests the character’s subconscious thought Multiple leitmotifs can appear simultaneously Leitmotifs in Tristan und Isolde
LoveDeath Desire to experience unending ecstatic passion in death Leitmotifs in Tristan und Isolde
Esctasy Tender yearning Sweet longing for the lover Leitmotifs in Tristan und Isolde
Desire Physical yearning Leitmotifs in Tristan und Isolde
Transcendent Bliss Desire for inseparable union Tristan und Isolde
Composition Begun in 1857 Completed 1859 Premiered in 1864 Story based on Arthurian legend Tristan und Isolde
Leitmotifs Primarily associated with emotions, not objects or persons Often repeated in a sequential pattern Tristan und Isolde
Cadences Often avoided or delayed Contributes to the restless mood Dissonances Placed at points of climax Heightens the sense of pain and anguish ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2012 for the course MUS 1751 taught by Professor Harris during the Summer '08 term at LSU.
- Summer '08