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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 29: Music and Chapter 29: Music and Nationalism Musical nationalism Indigenous musical elements
Scales Dance rhythms Local instrumental sounds Programs based on national subjects Modest Musorgsky (18391881)
Career Earned a precarious living Composed during his spare time Part of “The Mighty Handful” or “The Russian Five” Talented amateur musicians Composed in a Russian style Pictures at an Exhibition (1874) Based on paintings of Victor Hartmann (1833 1873) Each movement depicts a different drawing or painting
Most of Hartmann’s paintings have disappeared Orchestrated by Maurice Ravel in 1922 Promenade Suggests people wandering through the exhibition
Transition music between many movements
Solo contrasts with full brass and then full orchestra Polish OxCart Painting is lost Two note ostinato A long crescendo and diminuendo Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuyle: Two Jews, Rich and Poor Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuyle: Two Jews, Rich and Poor Individuals of different social status Goldenberg Rich and confident The melody played in unison Schmuyle Poor and despairing Melody fragmented between woodwinds and muted trumpet Rapid quivering notes The music causes the characters to interact The Great Gate of Kiev Majestic conclusion to Pictures at an Exhibition Evokes Hartmann’s vision of a great triumphal arch Each section relates to the drawing Three A sections match the three arches B and X sections: processions and prayers of pilgrims C (Promenade theme): viewer walks through the arch Antonín Dvořák (18411904)
A Czech national hero
Career An obscure musician for twenty years In 1876, Brahms intervened on Dvořák’s behalf Worked in the U.S. between 18921895 Wrote his “American” Quartet and Symphony No. 9, “From the New World,” in U.S. Largo from Symphony No. 9, “From the New World” (1893) Largo is slow second movement, emotional soul of the symphony
Haunting melody from English horn: •
• This tune extracted and printed as the song “Goin’ Home”
Built on pentatonic scale, like much folk music ...
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- Summer '08