lec.prerev - Prologue to Revolution...

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Prologue to Revolution file:///Users/gregfeldmeth/Desktop/lec.prerev.html 1 of 4 6/24/04 2:15 PM Prologue to Revolution "Give me liberty or give me death" P atrick Henry before the Virginia House of Burgesses by Peter Rothermel (Red Hill, Patrick Henry National Memorial Brookneal , Virginia) I. The New Imperial Policy (1763-1770) A. French & Indian War altered the relationship between Britain and American colonies, bringing conflict and increased taxes to pay off Britain's national debt 1.Strict enforcement of Navigation Acts 2. Peacetime army of 10,000 remains in America, indicating willingness to use force to retain authority 3. Higher import duties on tobacco and sugar were imposed and excise taxes were increased B. Early measures (1763-1766)
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Prologue to Revolution file:///Users/gregfeldmeth/Desktop/lec.prerev.html 2 of 4 6/24/04 2:15 PM 1. Grenville taxation program. a) Reform of custom service (prosecution of smugglers) b) Sugar Act threatened triangular trade by interfering with French molasses imports i) Some colonists argued that Sugar Act was illegal, that all taxes needed to arise from the people ii) Violators would be tried by Admiralty Courts, not juries (which often resulted in acquittals) c) Bureaucracy doubled in size to collect taxes and arrest smugglersd d) Currency Act forbade the issue of paper money 2. Western problems
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