lec.rev - American Revolution

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American Revolution http://www.polytechnic.org/faculty/gfeldmeth/lec.rev.html 1 of 4 6/28/04 9:27 AM American Revolution The Spirit of '76 by Archibald McNeal Willard U.S. State Department, Washington, D.C. I. Strengths and Weaknesses of Opposing Sides A. Great Britain 1. Strengths a) Population (7.5 million to 2.5 million colonists) b) Monetary wealth c) Naval forces d) Professional army armed with 6' muskets with bayonets attached i) 50,000 British ii) 30,000 Hessians iii) 30, 000 American Loyalists 2. Weaknesses a) Unrest in Ireland b) British government inept and confused, led by King George III and Lord North c) Lack of British desire to crush American cousins. Whigs cheered American victories. d) Military difficulties i) Second-rate generals ii) Brutal treatment of soldiers (one lashed 800 times for striking an officer) iii) Inadequate, poor provisions (old, rancid, wormy). Undernourished iv) Need for clear victory. A draw would be a colonial victory. v) Armies were 3000 miles from home. Orders took months to
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American Revolution http://www.polytechnic.org/faculty/gfeldmeth/lec.rev.html 2 of 4 6/28/04 9:27 AM reach the front. vi) Vast colonial territory (1000 by 600 miles) to subdue. No urban nerve center to conquer. B. American
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lec.rev - American Revolution

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