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Unformatted text preview: of land and produced enough food for the family. 20% did not own either slaves or land and squatted on poor lands where they often grazed livestock or raised corn. Some were day laborers in towns. Free blacks 3% of all free families Usually in upper South, such as Virginia, Maryland, and Kentucky. Many were either tenant-farmers or day laborers. Legally and socially restricted in terms of mobility and economic advancement. Slaves 4 million in 1860. In some Southern states, Almost all native born, 75% worked on plantations and medium-sized farms. Another slaves outnumbered whites 10% were laborers at hard physical labor considered “below” whites. *Based on The American Journey: A History of the United States by Goldfield, et al....
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- Spring '09
- US History, Southern United States, Southern Society, hard physical labor, Liberty—the Fugitive Slaves