Chapter 15

Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 PACIFIC TREMORS Which is the real...

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Chapter 15 PACIFIC TREMORS Which is the real China? A dictatorship and enemy or a major trading partner unevenly moving to democracy? Beijing likes economic growth but tries to control politics and the media. We have long misunderstood and exaggerated Asia, and this has led to tragedies. The U.S. did not colonize China but saw it as a big market. Hay's Open Door notes made us China's protector and led to Pearl Harbor. With Mao's Communist victory in 1949, the U.S. demonized China, repaired only with Nixon's 1972 rapprochement . After Tienanmen in 1989, we engaged in China-bashing over human rights and trade deficits . China is not ours to "save" or "lose." Since the late 1970s, China, thanks to capitalist foreign investment in its Special Economic Zones, had the fastest growth in history. Do markets create pressure for democracy, as in South Korea and Taiwan? Beijing's old Communist rulers fight it, trying to deflect discontent into nationalism, including claims of vast territories in the East and South China Seas. Is Beijing's vow to regain Taiwan a bluff ? Should we be willing to call it? Japan repelled two Mongol invasions and long stayed feudal. Portuguese opened Japan to trade and missionaries in 1542, but in 1622 the Tokugawa shogun expelled Europeans, slaughtered Japanese Christians, and closed off Japan for two centuries. When Japan opened--to Perry in 1854--it did so on its own terms and, with the Meiji Restoration of 1868 quickly industrialized and became a military power. In 1904-05, Japan beat Russia. In the 1920s and 1930s, many Japanese exports were blocked, and militarists took over determined to secure Japan by building an Asian empire. The U.S. responded to Manchukuo in 1931 with Stimson's nonrecognition , but Japan began to conquer all of China in 1937. With the U.S. supporting China, war with Japan was inevitable. A series of U.S. embargoes , especially of oil, persuaded Tokyo that it had to chase America out of the Western Pacific. Tokyo surrendered after U.S. atomic bombs and the Soviet
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course POL 300 taught by Professor Hafezi during the Spring '09 term at Strayer.

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Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 PACIFIC TREMORS Which is the real...

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