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**Unformatted text preview: **Chapter 5 Calculation Page 194 Example A department works one 8-hour shift, 250 days per year, and has these figures for usage of a machine that is currently being considered: Product (1) D i Annual Demand (2) P i Standard processing time per unit .(Hr) (3) Processing time needed (Hr) (2)*(3) D i * P i 1 400 5.0 400*5 =2000 2 300 8.0 300*8 = 2400 3 700 2.0 700*2 =1400 5800 horizon planning the during available time processing horizon planning the during product for demand product for time processing standard machines required of number where 1 = = = = = = T i D i p N T D p N i i R k i i i R Working one 8-hour shift 250 days a year provides an annual capacity= 8 *250 = 2000 hours per year=T Required volume = 5800 hours/(2000hours/machine =2.90 machines = 5800/2000 Page 202 Cost-Volume Analysis Cost-volume analysis Focuses on the relationship between cost, revenue, and volume of output Fixed Costs (FC) tend to remain constant regardless of output volume Variable Costs (VC) vary directly with volume of output VC = Quantity ( Q ) x variable cost per unit ( v ) Total Cost TC = Q x v Total Revenue (TR) TR = revenue per unit ( R ) x Q Break-Even Point (BEP) BEP The volume of output at which total cost and total revenue are equal Profit ( P ) = TR TC = ...

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