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Colonialist domain the whole Europe from 17 century to 18’s, trades the large  quantities of  black Africans to  the Americas as slaveries,  they were forced  labour, suffered all kinds of torture.  During work time, black slaveries often  sing a mournful elegy to express their painful feelings and the aspirations for  their hometown and family. Slave work songs were created in the African tradition of call-and-response.  To tell a story, a song leader would call out a line and then the workers would  respond to the call. Because many slaveholders did not allow the slaves to  speak to each other, so the only way they could communicate was the song.  They developed many different ways of getting their secret messages across  in the lyrics.  Slaves also sang soulful songs called "spirituals".   (Defined as a song which expresses religious beliefs, feelings and desire for   freedom).   "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" is one of the best known spirituals, (contains  references to the underground railway.) 1800’s –Immigration With the intense golden rush happen in America, in the mid to late 1800s,  America was thought of as "the land of opportunity.” many people immigrated  to America's cities seeking their fortunes in the New World. 
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course ECONOMICS 1010 taught by Professor Aandan during the Spring '10 term at York University.

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jazz -...

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