Drama ~ Lectures

Drama ~ Lectures - Drama 115 ~ Lecture Two From the Page to...

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Drama 115 ~ Lecture Two From the Page to the Stage I. Vocabulary a. Mimesis: imitation b. Drama – Greek Dran: to act, to do c. Theatre – Greek Theatre: seeing place II. Aristotle, “Poetics” (335 BC) a. Classical Modern a.i. Plot Plot a.ii. Character Character a.iii. Thought Theme a.iv. Diction Language a.v. Music Rhythm/Acting a.vi. Spectacle Stagecraft/Performance III. Three versions of Romeo & Juliet a. 1930s: Physical gestures, older than contemporary actors, poetic speech. b. 1968: Young actors on stage, singing with a literal vocalist, more joking nurse. c. Newest one: much more modern, more amusing and playful. Drama 115 ~ Lecture Three & Four It’s Greek to Me I. Mimetic Arts – Mimic/Imitation a. Preservation and Possibilities a.i. Drama Object a.ii. Text Artifact a.iii. Literature Finished b. Interpretation and Impact b.i. Theatre Process b.ii. Performance Event b.iii. Production Fluid II. Vocabulary a. Liminality ~ the nature of boundaries/ threshold. Between fiction and reality. Life/art. b. Identification: character mask. c. Transformation d. Catharsis: emotional release. III. Evolution of the Greek Theatre a. 8 th century a.i. Homeric myths/ Epic poetry a.ii. Dionysian festivals/religious choruses [Dionysus (God – Wine, vegetative and organic world, born of man and woman, not definable)] – Dithyrambs (50 men who sang and danced together in order to appeal to Gods.) a.iii. Institution of the polis (city state – Athens most famous with democratic practices) a.iv. Origins of Greek democracy (only men born there, not women or foreigners.)
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a.v. First Olympic games (Conflict, rivalry, competition) a.vi. City Dionysia in Athens (festival, public in appreciation of the God Dionysus, political and secular celebration, reinforcing its strengths.) b. 6 th century b.i. Thespis : “first actor”; member of Dionysian choruses – religious function of dithyrambs. Secular competitions as well. Art form. He tried to add innovations. Set his chorus apart from others by instead of doing 50, he did 49+1. Drama emerges as discreet art of its own right. c. 5 th century c.i. Drama emerges as art form in Athens. Only played plays once. Got a goat for winning. Was big honor because you had served the state and general population of Athens. Tragedy means goat song in Greek. d. Value of Drama: Aristotle’s Defense d.i. Plato, Republic (375 BC) d.i.1. Theatre to him was considered threatening. d.ii. Aristotle, Poetics (335 BC) d.ii.1. Argued against Plato. He said it was a legitimate art form. d.ii.2. Catharsis: emotional release. e. Amphitheatre: outdoor space built upon a hill. Sound isn’t that much of issues back then as you’d think. Gestures have to be more defined so that people in the back could understand as well. Greeks didn’t use a lot of visualizations. More dialogue. Backdrop utilized to show physical plane difference, resulting in royalty and class distinctions. (skene).
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