Lecture+20.Voting+and+Representation

Lecture+20.Voting+and+Representation - American Race...

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American Race Relations Lecture 20. Voting and Representation Announcement: Exams will be returned Wednesday.
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Overview Key Question: Is access to vote enough? Why are there still so few minority legislators? Voting Rights Act, 1965 Vote Dilution and Majority-Minority Districting Conservative Reversal: Shaw v. Reno, 1994 Semiproportional Voting as an Alternative? Contemporary Disenfranchisement Efforts
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Voting Rights Act, 1965 trigger automatic suspension of voting eligibility tests (e.g. literacy, good character) if registration or turnout below 50 percent in district in 1964 election preclearance need approval from Department of Justice before any change in election procedures can be made ended lengthy residency requirements; registration can occur up to 30 days before election affirmed by Supreme Court: South Carolina v. Katzenbach , Katzenbach v. Morgan
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VRA and Black Registration Rates in South
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Black and Latino Legislators
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Vote Dilution (versus Vote Disenfranchisement) Strategies shift from single-member plurality voting system to at- large voting system (aka block voting system) gerrymandering cracking, packing, and stacking annexations and deannexations shift from elected to appointed officials Allen v. State Board of Elections ( 1969 ) : preclearance applies not just to registration procedures, but any change in election procedures, as in all of the above vote dilution schemes
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Shift from At-Large Elections Increases Black Representation
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Effect of Moving Away from At- Large Voting southern white-majority cities that retained at-large elections, and where blacks were 10 to 30 percent of the population: black office-holding up 1 to 3 percent
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course RACE REL 790:333 taught by Professor Williegin during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture+20.Voting+and+Representation - American Race...

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