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ANT 111 Final Exam Review

ANT 111 Final Exam Review - Class system a form of social...

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Class system - a form of social stratification in which different strata form a continuum and social mobility (movement between the classes or social strata) is possible. Based more on individual achievement rather than ascribed status. - dependent on both achievement and ascription Ascribed Status- A social position someone is born into. Ex; race, ethnicity, family of origin, biological sex Tita Aida- another word for AIDS Global Divas, Cross Dressing Race- a cultural construction based on specific histories and social structures. Associated with alleged differences among social categories which are culturally explained as present and important (single out physical differences). Basis for stratification and thus inequality Gender- the cultural and social classification of masculine and feminine Sex- used to describe the biological differences between male and female (penis v. vagina) and the related differences in the role each sex plays in the reproductive process. Stonewall Riot 1969 (first time gays fought back against police) Class- (wealth)- a category of people who all have about the same opportunity to obtain economic resources, power, and prestige and who are ranked relative to other categories Other sources of inequality- Moral (people evaluate each other), Structural (fact of social differentiation), Behavioral, Material (actions entail different access to money/fame/fortune), Existential (what’s it like for me to be a girl) Racial Democracy in Brazil- In Brazil, race is viewed as a continuum. In the US, race is defined as binary opposition between black and white. Brazilian understandings of race may be flexible, but the distribution of wealth and education in Brazil is profoundly unequal and racially based. Distribution of wealth and education in Brazil is profoundly unequal and racially biased.
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