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Unformatted text preview: Kinship What is Kinship?- relationships understood in a society as connected through blood, marriage, or adoption Marriage/Affinal (=) Consanguinity/Blood- bar Adoption/Fictive- dotted line Descent Systems Unilineal- descent group membership based on links through either the maternal or the paternal line, but not both Non-Unilineal Systems- any system of descent in which both fathers and mothers lineages have equal claim to the individual Lineages- a group of kin whose members trace descent from a known common ancestor Clans- a unlineal kinship group whose members believe themselves to be descended from a common ancestor but who cannot trace this link through known relatives Phratry - an unilineal kinship group composed of a number of clans whose members feel themselves to be closely related. Unilineal Descent Systems Patrilineal/Agnatic- rule establishing kin relationships through the male line Matrilineal/Uterine kin- rule establishing kin relationships through the female line Double Descent Systems (Yako of Nigeria) the tracing of descent through both matrilineal and patrilineal links, each of which is used for different purposes (177)-Both matrilineal and patrilineal are important for descent because each contain different qualities from which the flow of rights, obligations, and benefits that bind people to one...
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- Spring '08