Exam #2 study guide

Exam #2 study guide - Psychological Egoism -...

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Psychological Egoism - Strict/absolute egoism - All our actions are motivated by self-interest - Always motivated by egoism - We are either a) unconcerned with the interests of others or b) we put our own interests before the interested of others wherever these interest conflict - Altruistically -(for the benefit of someone else, not for their own benefit) - Psychological egoism would rule out the idea of altruism (unselfishness) - Always act from self-regarding motives - Tells us what we are like Moral Egoism - Thomas Hobbes supports moral egoism - Combines egoism and reason - Most moral philosophies of this kind argue for “enlightened self-interest” - In the short term, an immoral act might seem to be in our self-interest, but reason shows us that overall it is in our own interest to have and abide by a system of morality - Encouraging self interest will promote the production of wealth and a more prosperous society will benefit people in general (thus promote the Common Good) - This advocates egoism instrumentally. - Egoism is approved of cause it leads to the common good - Prichard argues that we ought to do our moral duty for duty’s sake. We ought to do the right thing because it is the right thing to do -
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Exam #2 study guide - Psychological Egoism -...

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