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PLATO- THEORY OF FORMS THE GOOD LIFE BY: Guignon Chap 2 - Idea or virtuous state is one in which each group does its proper job (rulers rule fairly and wisely, guardians courageously uphold the rulers commands, and the producers are orderly and law-abiding) page 13. - Best or happiest life possible for humans is one in which reason rules the passions and the individual lives in harmony with the natural order of the cosmos - Believed everyone should have equal opportunity ARISTOTLE- Happiness POJMAN CHAP 4 - Aristotle was a realist who took biology as his working model for philosophy - Both Plato and Aristotle sought knowledge as a good in its own right - Both were teleologists in that they believed that all things had an ideal goal, which was their “good” or “final cause” (57) - Aristotle held that all souls are the form (or essence) of a body with one exception. There must be a pure intellect. - It causes motion by attracting all things to itself, but it does not move (unmoved mover) - Phronesis (58) -
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