Basic Principles of Learning

Basic Principles of Learning - Chapter 7 Basic Principles...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7 Basic Principles of Learning Learning Change in behavior is how we know learning has occurred Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about through experience Change is not always immediately obvious Classical Conditioning Stimulus : thing that the teacher is giving the learner Arbitrary the cue doesn’t really matter, it just has to come before the meat powder every time in a routine Response : whatever kind of behavior is expressed when stimulus introduced Elicited Association Key element in classical conditioning Association of 2 stimuli Stimuli that means something (meat powder) Neutral stimulus starts out neutral, but becomes a real stimulus Timing it depends on timing Need them to be close together in time Terms Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Thing that I don’t have to learn its meaning You understand what it means already Ex. meat powder Unconditioned Response (UCR) Any behavior that occurs in response to the UCS (involuntary) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Previously a neutral stimulus, that you must learn the meaning of Ex. ringing bell Conditioned Response (CR) Response to having learned CS Ex. salivation What is classical conditioning ? Form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus (CS) is followed buy a stimulus (UCS) that elicits an unconditioned response (UCR) Does not depend on the behavior of the individual being conditioned Passive the person is just sitting there, not doing anything to cause the ring of the bell Only need 1 neuron to get a response Importance of classical conditioning: Helpful in understanding puzzling aspects of human behavior Little Albert
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Fear reaction ( Watson ) Counterconditioning Wanted to do counterconditioning to reverse it
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 5

Basic Principles of Learning - Chapter 7 Basic Principles...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online