Congition,Language,Intelligence - Chapter 9 Cognition...

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Chapter 9 Cognition, Language, and Intelligence Cognition Process of normal thinking mind Intellectual processes through which info is obtained, transformed, stored, retrieved & used Processes info Active Useful Concepts Conjunctive looking for multiple features to link together to say that this object is in this category Disjunctive looking for one defining feature Natural Concepts Rosch: how do we catagorize things? Superordinate Very inclusive General category Basic Includes enough detail to recognize an object, but quickly access info about that thing & be somewhat accurate Medium degree of inclusiveness Share many attributes Share similar shapes Share motor movements Are easily named Subordinate Least inclusive Very specific Problem Solving Reaching a goal that is blocked by some obstacle Often occurs in specific steps Formulating the problem Understanding what the problem is **key** Initial formulation of a problem how do you start solving a problem? Flexibly interpret Mental set set pattern of strategies that I use that may or may not be helpful; can be efficient Functional fixedness a particular kind of mental set
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Negative I can’t see an object as anything but what it was designed to do (only 1 function) Algorithms using step by step; if you answer correctly to all of the yes/no questions, then you are guaranteed to get the right solution Heuristic reasoning Representativeness Finding characteristics in a person that are most representative of someone we already know Ex. stereoytypes Heuristic Shortcut strategies in thinking Increase efficiency, not accuracy Most common method Emotional factors in decision-making Whenever we have an emotional response & things stand out, then we overestimate Creativity think of other functions that object could have Convergent thinking Task only allow you to solve problem in one way Has nothing to do w/creativity, has to do with the correct answer Divergent thinking Has to do w/creativity Solutions are very subjective can be good or bad Four steps Preparation trying to get all te info I can about the problem Incubation (not necessary) if you are stuck, you leave the problem alone
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at South Carolina.

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Congition,Language,Intelligence - Chapter 9 Cognition...

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