w10_103_2c_sedrxs1

w10_103_2c_sedrxs1 - Sedimentology & Stratigraphy...

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Sedimentology The study of the processes that erode, transport and deposit sediments Sedimentary Petrology The study of the characteristics and origin of sedimentary rocks. Stratigraphy The study of the origin, relationship, and extent of rock layers (strata).
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Sedimentary Rocks on Earth Shale Sandstone Siltstone Limestone Conglom. What do Sedimentary Rocks Record? Magma Igneous Rocks Sedimentary Rocks Metamorphic Rocks Sediment Crystallization Melting Metamorphism Lithification Weathering Erosion Transport Deposition
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• Source (Provenance) of sediment • Erosion and Transport Agent • Depositional Environment • Paleogeography/Tectonic Setting • Diagenesis (lithi f cation plus everything that happened after deposition) Rock Identi f cation is based on: • Composition What minerals make up the rock? • Texture What is the shape, size and orientation of the mineral grains that make up the rock?
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w10_103_2c_sedrxs1 - Sedimentology & Stratigraphy...

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