Drugs and Human behaviour

Drugs and Human behaviour - Drug and Human Behavior...

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Drug and Human Behavior Definition of "drug" : Natural or synthetic substances used in order to have a specific effect on how the body functions because of their chemical nature. Medicine vs. pleasure (diagnosis, cure, treatment, etc. v. for fun, escape, etc.) The focus is on the intended purpose for the drug. This can get murky-- pain pills can be used simultaneously for both medicinal and pleasure purposes. Misuse vs. Abuse -- Misuse = inappropriate use of prescribed or non- prescribed medicine, but not for “pleasure” or other non-medicinal purposes. A common example is "more will work better." Another is to stop taking an antibiotic before the pills have been completely taken. Abuse = repeatedly and willfully using a drug in a way other than prescribed or socially sanctioned. This means that whether or not use of a drug is labeled "abuse" is, in part, a matter of social context. In our society, drinking heavily and repeatedly will be considered differently if done by someone under age 17 v. someone over 21. It also would be looked at differently if the person were pregnant. This also would include using one's prescribed medications in ways not socially sanctioned (i.e., not how prescribed). Both misuse and abuse are said to occur when physical, psychological and/or social impairment occur. The misuse v. abuse definitions relate to a drug's use and the intent behind its use and are therefore not easily identified just by watching what someone is taking. A drug of abuse, on the other hand, is generally thought of as one with reinforcing properties and ability to do harm to self and/or others). The drugs we'll discuss this term mostly fall in this category. Also, most of these are "psychaotive" -- that is, ones that affect thoughts, feelings, or perceptions. Classification Schemes In order to talk about drugs, we need to be able to classify the various types. There are numerous schemes for doing this. The most common type would reflect aspects of the drug's pharmacological nature-- either by its chemical structure or by the effects on the body. In addition to classifications that focus on
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the chemical, drugs are commonly classified by their impact on the individual or society as a function of their use. In class, the following classification schemes for psychoactive drugs were highlighted: 1. Effects on the central nervous system (CNS) 2. Legal status as defined by the U.S. Congress (through the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) 3. Effects on one's personal well-being-- personal or social hazards associated with a drug's use. Drug Use Statistics Keeping track of statistics related to drug use is kind of like counting the red cars passing on a busy freeway-- as soon as you have a count, it's obsolete. Probably more important than the count of the day is consideration of relative use (which drugs are used by more people more often?), changes over time (which drugs have shown increases or decreases in use over time?), and relative health
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This note was uploaded on 07/28/2010 for the course DUS 28937414 taught by Professor Mr.rock during the Spring '10 term at Acton School of Business.

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Drugs and Human behaviour - Drug and Human Behavior...

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