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Unformatted text preview: 4/5/10 Southern Ideology I. Slavery and White Society (19 th century) A. 25% of white families owned slaves • Slave owners were the minority • The South doesn’t change at the end of the War of 1812 like the North (i.e. factories) • ^ Population grows much more in North due to immigrants • South is largely agricultural • Shift to cotton production is the biggest change in the South II. White Social Structure – Hierarchy (19 th century) A. The Planters 1. 20 or more slaves 2. Super Elites owned more than 50 (or even more than 100) slaves • A very small group are considered planters • Own the most slaves and the best land (most fertile) • Were the political & social leaders in the South • They were the voice of the South • Also were the leaders over the other whites in the South B. Middling Slaveholders 1. 5<x< 20 slaves • Most tied into agricultural investment • Any money made is put into buying more slaves and land • ^ Their goal is to make it to the planter level • Relatively good land • Usually as high as you will ever get; and became more difficult in the 19 th century to make it to the planter level C. Yeoman Farmers 1. Owned few or no slaves 2. Owned land • Over 50% of Southerners • Majority did not own any slaves; if did usually only 1 or 2 • Did own their own land • Because they didn’t own land, they didn’t need much land; they usually had only about 50 acres • ^ Family run farmers • Didn’t produce cash crops; interested at being self-sufficient • ^ Lived at a subsistence farming level • Grew corn and wheat; mainly for their own consumption •...
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Onlinecourse during the Fall '08 term at South Carolina.
- Fall '08
- War Of 1812