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Southern Ideology Outline

Southern Ideology Outline - Southern Ideology I Slavery and...

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4/5/10 Southern Ideology I. Slavery and White Society (19 th century) A. 25% of white families owned slaves Slave owners were the minority The South doesn’t change at the end of the War of 1812 like the North (i.e. factories) ^ Population grows much more in North due to immigrants South is largely agricultural Shift to cotton production is the biggest change in the South II. White Social Structure – Hierarchy (19 th century) A. The Planters 1. 20 or more slaves 2. Super Elites owned more than 50 (or even more than 100) slaves A very small group are considered planters Own the most slaves and the best land (most fertile) Were the political & social leaders in the South They were the voice of the South Also were the leaders over the other whites in the South B. Middling Slaveholders 1. 5<x< 20 slaves Most tied into agricultural investment Any money made is put into buying more slaves and land ^ Their goal is to make it to the planter level Relatively good land Usually as high as you will ever get; and became more difficult in the 19 th century to make it to the planter level C. Yeoman Farmers 1. Owned few or no slaves 2. Owned land Over 50% of Southerners Majority did not own any slaves; if did usually only 1 or 2 Did own their own land Because they didn’t own land, they didn’t need much land; they usually had only about 50 acres ^ Family run farmers Didn’t produce cash crops; interested at being self-sufficient ^ Lived at a subsistence farming level Grew corn and wheat; mainly for their own consumption
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