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3 IDs - The Planters 1 20 or more slaves 2 Super Elites...

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The Planters 1. 20 or more slaves 2. Super Elites owned more than 50 (or even more than 100) slaves A very small group are considered planters Own the most slaves and the best land (most fertile) Were the political & social leaders in the South They were the voice of the South Also were the leaders over the other whites in the South Yeoman Farmers 1. Owned few or no slaves 2. Owned land Over 50% of Southerners Majority did not own any slaves; if did usually only 1 or 2 Did own their own land Because they didn’t own land, they didn’t need much land; they usually had only about 50 acres ^ Family run farmers Didn’t produce cash crops; interested at being self-sufficient ^ Lived at a subsistence farming level Grew corn and wheat; mainly for their own consumption Also the group that raised the most livestock If they had any time or land left over, they may grow a little cotton; but main focus was to provide for their family This strategy was because cotton was a big risk; if the cotton didn’t grow well or the price of cotton fell then their family would suffer ^ Grow for family first (safe) then any extra on cotton (risk) Land was kind of hilly Were not wealthy Southern Ideology (19 th century) The Planter class comes up with this because they notice that the South does not look like the rest of the country Only region to really use slaves Come up with this to protect the identity of the South A. Paternalism The idea that the family (wife, children) follow the husband/father The idea is that slaves were considered extended-family and fell under this idea Your job as the man was to provide for your extended-family (i.e. food, clothes, etc.) and in exchange they provided work for you Everyone has their role and it keeps Southern society going This works best on Yeomen farms, but it helps Planters feel good about themselves for being cruel owners
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“Positive Good” Argument 1. No more “Necessary Evil” Argument In place right after the Revolution (Jefferson) Said that slavery was inherently evil Jefferson didn’t like slavery, but said that Southern society would not survive without it The Revolutionary generation hoped slavery would die out eventually The North starts to ridicule the practice of slavery ^ The South starts to compare slavery to factory workers The Argument is that slaves are taken care of (i.e. food, clothes, etc.), and that there is a finite number of slaves and that they had to take care of the slaves more ^ Also that in the North if a worker got sick or injured, they would just be fired and replaced; they did not care for their workers because they could be replaced easily Sarah and Angelina Grimke (19 TH cen) Very important in the anti-slavery movement Born in Charleston, SC; father was a Super Elite and owned hundreds of slaves Sarah didn’t like the slave system
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