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Unformatted text preview: 3/26/10 The Ferment of Reform I. Second Great Awakening (1820s -1830s) Many people werent going to church as much Fueled by preachers; but also by the Market Revolution ^ People are finding that their traditional ways of life are changing very quickly, and this causes them to have anxiety (arent sure what the future holds) ^ They turn to religion for answers and security A. Charles Grandison Finney Prominent minister; was Presbyterian (Methodists and Baptists grow during this time period) Was a lawyer, became a born-again Christian, and thought it was his duty to try and convert America Preaches in New York State; goes into NYC and preaches to middle- class, working class, the people tied to the Market Revolution He stayed for weeks, sometimes months, in the same location ^ Would keep getting larger crowds because of word-of-mouth This causes him to become very popular in NY He uses the Erie Canal to travel and goes to every town along the Canal He didnt like preaching in churches, preached outdoors; would have platforms built to preach from, and have benches (called them anxious benches) for people to sit on ^ Wanted the most interested and anxious people to sit there, and told them that if they felt converted then they could pray on their knees right at the benches B. Perfectionism Argued that people can try to lead a perfect (Godly) life He didnt believe in predestination; anyone could be saved and go to Heaven But that once you decided to become a Christian then you had to try and be perfect and live a Godly life We see the middle-class strive for perfection II. Benevolent Empire In the NE, a large number of people are trying to better the world around them A. Loose Organization of Reform Societies No dominant organization All tried to change and better the world around them All organizations helped each other out For every 1 man, there was 3 women B. Role of Women in Reform Have the most free time to devote to these organizations...
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Onlinecourse during the Fall '08 term at South Carolina.
- Fall '08
- Second Great Awakening