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Unformatted text preview: 1/15/10 The Americas Before the Discovery I. North American Cultures About 350 different native American groups About 7-12 million people (US & Canada) before the Europeans showed up Over 50% had been killed (some warfare, mostly diseases) once Europeans came Interacted with each other: traded, married, shared religious practices II. Columbian Exchange (after 1492) Refers to the blending of cultures between the New & Old Worlds (taking the items between the two Worlds) A. Food stuffs New World (N & S America) Potatoes, Tomatoes, Corn, Chocolate Old World (Europe, Asia, & Africa) Rice, Sugar Cane B. Animals New World Turkeys Old World Horses, Cattle, Pigs, Sheep C. Disease New World Syphilis Old World Smallpox, Measles, Malaria, Influenza III. Cherokee (SE) and Pueblo (SW) A. Matriarchal Cultures They trade decent from mother to daughter Women owned land Land was passed from mother to daughter Women are in charge of farming (men would help with plowing because it required physical strength); women plant, harvest, etc. ^ This entitles them to have control over the food, this gave them a voice in their society ^ If they didnt want men to go own a raid, they could choose to withhold...
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- Fall '08