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Unformatted text preview: 1/15/10 The Americas Before the “Discovery” I. North American Cultures • About 350 different native American groups • About 7-12 million people (US & Canada) before the Europeans showed up • Over 50% had been killed (some warfare, mostly diseases) once Europeans came • Interacted with each other: traded, married, shared religious practices II. Columbian Exchange (after 1492) • Refers to the blending of cultures between the New & Old Worlds (taking the items between the two Worlds) A. Food stuffs • New World (N & S America) – Potatoes, Tomatoes, Corn, Chocolate • Old World (Europe, Asia, & Africa) – Rice, Sugar Cane B. Animals • New World – Turkeys • Old World – Horses, Cattle, Pigs, Sheep C. Disease • New World – Syphilis • Old World – Smallpox, Measles, Malaria, Influenza III. Cherokee (SE) and Pueblo (SW) A. Matriarchal Cultures • They trade decent from mother to daughter • Women owned land • Land was passed from mother to daughter • Women are in charge of farming (men would help with plowing because it required physical strength); women plant, harvest, etc. • ^ This entitles them to have control over the food, this gave them a voice in their society • ^ If they didn’t want men to go own a raid, they could choose to withhold...
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Onlinecourse during the Fall '08 term at South Carolina.
- Fall '08