initiateanintravenousi

initiateanintravenousi - Combat Life Saver Lesson 17...

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Combat Life Saver Lesson 17 INITIATE AN INTRAVENOUS INFUSION Compiled and edited by, 2LT John C. Miller, PA-C
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Lesson 17 INITIATE AN INTRAVENOUS INFUSION INTRODUCTION Hypovolemic shock is a condition caused by a sudden decrease in the volume of fluid in the body's blood circulatory system. This condition can be fatal. The combat lifesaver must be prepared to initiate an intravenous infusion (I.V.) to add fluid to the casualty's circulatory system. The sooner the casualty receives I.V. fluids, the more rapid the improvements in his condition.
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INITIATE AN INTRAVENOUS INFUSION TASK Initiate an intravenous infusion (I.V.). CONDITIONS Given needed supplies and a simulated casualty. STANDARD Score a GO on the performance checklist.
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IDENTIFY SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK Causes of Hypovolemic Shock Hypovolemic shock is caused by a loss of fluid or blood from the casualty's circulatory system. It is usually caused by rapid or severe bleeding or by serious (second and third degree) burns over at least 20 percent of the body. Excessive fluid loss can also result from vomiting, diarrhea, or heat injuries such as profuse sweating and dehydration.
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IDENTIFY SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK Signs and Symptoms of Hypovolemic Shock Severe bleeding from wounds or large burned areas on skin. Anxiety. Changes in level of consciousness, such as going from alert to semiconscious or unconscious. If possible, record the casualty's AVPU: A lert, V erbally responsive, P ainful response, U nresponsive.
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IDENTIFY SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK Mental confusion. Ask casualty questions that cannot be answered by a simple yes or no, such as, "What is your name? What is the month? What day of the week is it? Where are we?" Restlessness and agitation. Irregular or fluctuating pulse in early stages, weak and rapid pulse in later stages. Cool, clammy skin. Change in skin color (from normal to pale, bluish, or grayish tint).
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IDENTIFY SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK Dilated pupils, nonreactive to light. Rapid, shallow breathing. Thirst, dry mouth. Nausea or vomiting. Pulse rate over 100.
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PERFORM PRELIMINARY MEASURES TO TREAT A CASUALTY FOR HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK Check the casualty for breathing. Take measures to restore breathing (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, etc.) if needed. If the casualty is unconscious, monitor the casualty's breathing and perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if the casualty stops breathing. Control major bleeding (field dressing, pressure dressing, and/or tourniquet as needed). Dress and seal open chest wounds. Dress open abdominal wounds and open head wounds.
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PERFORM PRELIMINARY MEASURES TO TREAT A CASUALTY FOR HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK Position the casualty on his back and place a log or folded jacket under his feet with his feet above the level of his heart.
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PERFORM PRELIMINARY MEASURES TO TREAT A CASUALTY FOR HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK Question
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initiateanintravenousi - Combat Life Saver Lesson 17...

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