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PSY1000Freud - Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud Kathleen Bade...

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Unformatted text preview: Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud Kathleen Bade Psy 1000 “ The poets and philosophers before me discovered the unconscious; what I discovered was the scientific method by which the unconscious can be studied.” the The Interpretation of The Dreams (1899) Dreams Freud: Historical Perspective Freud: Born in 1856 to Jewish parents Lived in Vienna for the majority of his life Studied Medicine at the University of Vienna Worked as a French neurologist Worked Clinical work with people with hysteria led him Clinical to believe that early childhood experiences and unconscious impulses contribute to adult personality and behavior. personality Died September 23,1939 Died Freud on Freud Freud http:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=sj2JFI4BsRQ The Unconscious Theory The Psychological disorders Psychological result from unconscious conflicts becoming extreme or imbalanced or Conscious Mind: the things Conscious we are aware of, that we think about or talk about think Unconscious Mind: Unconscious underlying influences that affect our behavior that are invisible to us. Personality Theory Personality Personality is composed of three elements: 1. The Id 2. Ego 3. Superego They work in unison to create complex They human behavior human Personality-Id Personality Is the only one present at birth Instinctive and primitive behaviors Driven by the “pleasure principle” (id wants Driven whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation.) Immediate gratification is often Immediate nonrealistic or socially acceptable, the id continues acting out until its needs are met. met. Personality-Ego Personality Part of the personality responsible for dealing Part with reality Develops from the Id, and ensures that Develops compulsions can be expressed in an acceptable manner. acceptable Operates based on the “reality principal” (The The ego understands that other people have needs and desires and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run.) can Discharges tension created by unmet impulses through the “secondary process” impulses Personality-Superego Personality Last of the three to develop/emerges Last around age 5 around Contains all of the moral standards, and Contains ideals from parents, and society ideals Equated to the conscience since it Equated dictates our belief of right and wrong. Can satisfy the needs of the id as well as Can not upsetting the superego. Psychosexual Development Psychosexual Personality develops through a series of Personality childhood stages during which the pleasure seeking energies of the id, become focused on erogenous areas erogenous If “fixation” occurs at any one stage, there will If be long terms issues that surface as an adult be Stages: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latent, Genital Term: Fixation Fixation A persistent focus on an earlier persistent psychosexual stage psychosexual If issues are not resolved at each If appropriate stage then fixation can occur appropriate The completion of each psychosexual The stage results in a healthy personality stage Oral Stage Oral Primary source of interaction for infants is Primary through the mouth (sucking, routing) through Weaning becomes a conflict, becoming less Weaning dependent dependent If “fixation” occurs here issues of dependency, If and aggression can arise and Anal Stage Anal Focus on bladder and bowel Focus movement movement Major conflict is toilet training Learning control leads to a Learning feeling of independence and accomplishment accomplishment Anal-expulsive: Anal-expulsive: Anal-retentive: Anal-retentive: Phallic Stage Phallic New awareness of genitals and New male/female differences male/female Oedipus Complex: Young boys desires his Oedipus mother and is jealous of his father mother Electra Complex: Young girl desires her father and is jealous of her mother father Based on Greek Mythology Latent Stage Latent Children enter school and become more Children concerned with peer relationships and socialization socialization Confidence in communication skills and Confidence social interactions social Genital Stage Genital Final stage of development Strong interest in opposite sex begins The main objective is to establish The balance in life. balance Freudian Slip Freudian A verbal error that happens do to verbal interference of the unconscious Spontaneous word substitution Slip of the tongue “ Faulty action” Faulty Examples of Freudian slips http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=BEIsIG2McpA Ego Anxiety Ego When the ego can’t deal with the demands of When our morals and desires anxiety occurs our Three types of anxiety: 1. Neurotic: lose control of id, and be punished for inappropriate behavior for 2. Reality: Fear of real world events 3. Moral: Fear of violating our own moral Moral: principals principals In order to deal with anxiety we develop In defense mechanisms defense Defense Mechanisms Defense Developed by the ego to protect against Developed anxiety anxiety Keep inappropriate thoughts and Keep impulses from entering the conscious mind mind Safeguard Dream Analyses Dream Dream: Fulfillment of suppressed, or repressed wishes repressed Freud created the “key of dreams”-a Freud deciphering method that treats the dream as a secret writing where every sign is translated by a correspondent sign, by means of a certain key. means Free Association Free 1892-1898 Replaced use of Replaced Hypnosis Hypnosis Method: Method: The patient lying on a couch speaks about any topic that crosses their mind. Psychoanalytic Therapy Psychoanalytic Adheres to a medical model (client is seen as Adheres unwell and the therapist seeks to bring him back to normal) unwell Therapy is oriented toward insight Focus on the unconscious processes and Focus how they are represented in current behaviors behaviors depends on frequent and consistent depends sessions Goals of Psychoanalysis Goals Clients awareness and understanding of Clients the influence of the past on present behavior behavior Reduction in the number or intensity of Reduction symptoms symptoms Increased self esteem and independence Enhanced functioning Clinical Setting Clinical The therapist is behind the client who is on the The couch couch Freud Museum London, England Limitations of Psychoanalysis Limitations Male focused Theory is based on case studies It is based on adult patients and not It observation or study of children observation “ Women oppose change, receive passively and add nothing of their own” own” Freud, 1925 document, The Psychological Consequences of the Freud, Anatomic Distinction Between the Sexes Anatomic Late clips of Freud Late http:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=pjepzGiLuc&feature=related Freud By Salvador Dali June 1939 ...
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