Nutrition lecture

Nutrition lecture - Nutrition Chapter 9 Healthy Diet...

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Unformatted text preview: Nutrition Chapter 9 Healthy Diet consists of: Adequate calorie consumption (1800-2400 calories/day: Female) (2200-3000 calories/day: Male) Moderation - portion control Balanced - proper nutrients Varied - different foods 7 Essential Nutrients: Water Proteins Carbohydrates Fiber Fats Vitamins Minerals (1) Water Major component in blood 50-60% of total body weight Risks: dehydration - death after a few days Recommended: 6-8 glasses of 8 oz. water/day = 3-4 bottles of water (2) Proteins Major components of every cell aka Building Blocks Repairs tissue, bone, muscle Protects us from disease (key element in antibodies, enzymes, and hormones) Proteins continued When broken down, known as Amino Acids 9 essential acquired via animal and soy Plant proteins, incomplete (missing 1 or 2 essential) Can be supplemented however, ie - peanut butter w/ whole grain bread More about Proteins: American diet Low-fat animal proteins: Chicken, fish, turkey, lean red meat Plant proteins: Beans, peas, peanuts, soy, grains, leafy greens, broccoli (3) Carbohydrates Energy supply for daily activities Easily converted to glucose, fuel for cells Complex carbs - grains, cereals, dark green leafy vegs, potatoes Simple carbs - sugars, short term energy (4) Fiber Helps with digestion, moves food Makes you feel full 20-30 grams daily recommended...
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course ID 1225 taught by Professor Lanazinger during the Fall '11 term at Kean.

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Nutrition lecture - Nutrition Chapter 9 Healthy Diet...

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