PGS 101, Lec 7 (Prob Solving & Language Acquisition)-1

PGS 101, Lec 7 (Prob Solving & Language...

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The Psychology of Problem Solving
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Problem Solving Active efforts to achieve a goal Types of Problems Structure problems Arrangement problems Transformation problems
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What screws us up? 1) 2) 3) 4)
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Approaches to Problem Solving Heuristics: Forming subgroups: Working backward: Search for analogies: Change the representation:
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Risky Decision Making Factors Objective value Subjective utility Subjective probabilities
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Common Probability Bloopers Availability bias: Representativeness bias: Ignoring base rates: The conjunction fallacy: The gambler’s fallacy: Ignoring sample size:
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The Psychology of Language Acquisition
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3 Criteria of Language 1) 2) 3)
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Structure of Language Phonemes: Morphemes: Syntax:
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Sentence: The boys cried. Words? Morphemes?
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Unformatted text preview: Phonemes? Vocabulary Spurt ~18 months Language Acquisition Babbling: Holophrases: Telegraphic speech: Whole sentences: Metalinguistic awareness: Theories of Language Acquisition Behaviorists (Skinner): Nativists (Chomski): Interactionists: Linguistic Relativity: Framing: Semantic slanting: Language Shapes Thought Language Comprehension Word recognition: Advantage of nonverbals: Extraneous Noise: Can Animals Think? Classical Conditioning: Operant Conditioning: Observational Learning: Rudimentary counting: Limited insight: Can Animals Exhibit Language? Communicate? Language? Explain using criteria: 3 Criteria of Language 1) 2) 3)...
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PGS 101, Lec 7 (Prob Solving & Language...

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