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COM 135 - Chapters 10NOTES

COM 135 - Chapters 10NOTES - (class • References to...

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COM 135 Chapters 10: Introductions & Conclusions Introductions o Why do we want to have an effective introduction? First Impression Confidence Booster Grabs Audience’s attention, clarifies the speech o What happens if we have a bad introduction? o Five Purposes of Introductions [USE CHALKBOARD] 1.) Gain Attention How can we do this? Ways to Grab Your Audience’s Attention Illustrations or Anecdotes: Story Startling Facts or Statistics: Quotations: do not fall into the habit of always turning to a quotation Humor: humor, handled well, can be a wonderful attention getter Questions: Rhetorical questions, beware of audience questions. References to Historical Events: four score and seven years ago References to Recent Events: 9-11-01 Personal References: creates a bond with the audience References to the Occasion: often made at weddings, birthdays
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Unformatted text preview: (class) • References to Preceding Speeches: references to other student’s speeches 2.) Introduce the Central Idea/Thesis • Thesis = one sentence summary of the speech’s content 3.) Relate to the Audience/Give them a reason to listen • Audience-Centered • Why should they listen? • What can YOU do for them? 4.) Establish Your Credibility • What is credibility? • How can we establish our credibility? 5.) Preview Your Main Ideas • Sign Post Conclusions o Why do we want to have an effective conclusion? o What happens if we have a bad/weak conclusion? o What does a GOOD conclusion look/sound like? o What does a BAD conclusion look/sounds like? Four Purposes of a Conclusion 1.) Summarize Speech 2.) Re-emphasize the Main Idea in a Memorable Way 3.) Motivate the Audience to Respond 4.) Provide Closure...
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