mill_utilitarianism

mill_utilitarianism - Utilitarianism The Utilitarian Theory...

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Mill, Utilitarianism Mill's theory is a a species of a type of ethical theory called CONSEQUENTIALISM. Consequentialism: The view that the moral status of an act is determined solely by its consequences.
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Mill, Utilitarianism Question: What kinds of consequences matter? What do we want to bring about when we “do the right thing”? Mill's Answer: We should promote pleasure, and avoid pain, wherever possible.
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Mill, Utilitarianism Question: What kind of pleasure, and whose pleasure, are we supposed to promote? P. 8: We don't want it to be strictly physical pleasure. “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied.” P. 11: I don't want to be strictly concerned with my own pleasure. The standard we strive for is “not the agent's own greatest happiness, but the greatest amount of happiness altogether.”
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Mill,
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Unformatted text preview: Utilitarianism The Utilitarian Theory of the Right: An act is right it if produces the greatest possible amount of happiness in the world. The aim of moral action is to bring about a world with the maximum possible amount of happiness. Mill, Utilitarianism Objection: Isn't it misguided to suppose that everyone can be happy? Response:We can work to at least minimize pain in most cases. Mill, Utilitarianism Some key features of utilitarian ethics:-Mill thinks our intentions have nothing to do with the value of an act. They reflect on the value of the person , but not on the act itself .-We don't need anything like any external authority or rulebook to figure out what we should do. To find out what I should do, I just need to find out what will bring about the most happiness....
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2012 for the course PHIL 02 taught by Professor Toñoramirez during the Winter '11 term at DeAnza College.

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mill_utilitarianism - Utilitarianism The Utilitarian Theory...

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